The macrophage scavenger receptor CD163: endocytic properties of cytoplasmic tail variants.

Article Details


Nielsen MJ, Madsen M, Moller HJ, Moestrup SK

The macrophage scavenger receptor CD163: endocytic properties of cytoplasmic tail variants.

J Leukoc Biol. 2006 Apr;79(4):837-45. Epub 2006 Jan 24.

PubMed ID
16434690 [ View in PubMed

CD163 is the monocyte/macrophage-specific receptor for haptoglobin-hemoglobin (Hp-Hb) complexes. The cytoplasmic tail of human CD163 exists as a short tail variant and two long tail variants. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that all three CD163 variants are substantially expressed in blood, liver, and spleen, and the short tail variant is the predominant mRNA species. Using cell transfectants in which cDNA encoding the CD163 variants was inserted at the same site in the genome, we evaluated the expression and endocytic properties of the tail variants. Ligand uptake analysis showed that cells expressing the CD163 short tail variant exhibited a higher capacity for ligand endocytosis than cells expressing the CD163 long tail variants. The difference in endocytic activity was explained by confocal microscopic analysis, showing marked deviations in subcellular distribution. Surface expression was far most pronounced for the CD163 short tail variant, whereas the long tail variants were most abundant in the Golgi region/endosomes. Mutational change of a putative signal for endocytosis (Tyr-Arg-Glu-Met), present in a common part of the cytoplasmic tail of the variants, almost completely inactivated the endocytic activity of the short tail variant. In conclusion, the three physiological tail variants of CD163 may contribute to Hp-Hb endocytosis by means of the common ligand-binding region and endocytic signal. However, the high mRNA expression level and relatively high endocytic capacity of the short tail variant suggest that it accounts for the majority of Hp-Hb uptake from the circulation, whereas the long tail variants may have yet-unknown intracellular roles.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Scavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130Q86VB7Details