Purification of two isozymes of rat liver microsomal cytochrome P450 with testosterone 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity.

Article Details


Arlotto MP, Greenway DJ, Parkinson A

Purification of two isozymes of rat liver microsomal cytochrome P450 with testosterone 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity.

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1989 May 1;270(2):441-57.

PubMed ID
2650624 [ View in PubMed

Cytochrome P450a was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from liver microsomes from immature male Long-Evans rats treated with Aroclor 1254. Rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against cytochrome P450a cross-reacted with cytochromes P450b, P450e, and P450f (which are structurally related to cytochrome P450a). The cross-reacting antibodies were removed by passing anti-P450a over an N-octylamino-Sepharose column containing these heterologous antigens. The immunoabsorbed antibody recognized only a single protein (i.e., cytochrome P450a) in liver microsomes from immature male rats treated with Aroclor 1254 (i.e., the microsomes from which cytochrome P450a was purified). However, the immunoabsorbed antibody recognized three proteins in liver microsomes from mature male rats, as determined by Western immunoblot. As expected, one of these proteins (Mr 48,000) corresponded to cytochrome P450a. The other two proteins did not correspond to cytochromes P450b, P450e, or P450f (as might be expected if the antibody were incompletely immunoabsorbed), nor did they correspond to cytochromes P450c, P450d, P450g, P450h, P450i, P450j, P450k, or P450p. One of these proteins was designated cytochrome P450m (Mr approximately 49,000), the other cytochrome P450n (Mr approximately 50,000). Like cytochrome P450a, cytochrome P450n was present in liver microsomes from both male and female rats. However, whereas cytochrome P450a was detectable in liver microsomes from 1-week-old rats, cytochrome P450n was barely detectable until the rats were at least 3 weeks old. Furthermore, in contrast to cytochrome P450a, the levels of cytochrome P450n did not decline appreciably with age in postpubertal male rats. Cytochrome P450m was detectable only in liver microsomes from postpubertal (greater than 4 week-old) male rats. Cytochromes P450m and P450n were isolated from liver microsomes from mature male rats and purified to remove cytochrome P450a. When reconstituted with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and lipid, cytochrome P450n exhibited little testosterone hydroxylase activity, whereas cytochrome P450m catalyzed the 15 alpha-, 18-, 6 beta-, and 7 alpha-hydroxylations of testosterone at 10.8, 4.6, 2.0, and 1.9 nmol/nmol P450/min, respectively. The ability of cytochrome P450m to catalyze the 7 alpha-hydroxylation of testosterone was not due to contamination with cytochrome P450a, which catalyzed this reaction at approximately 25 nmol/nmol P450a/min. Cytochrome P450m also converted testosterone to several minor metabolites, including androstenedione and 15 beta-, 14 alpha-, and 16 alpha-hydroxytestosterone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Cytochrome P450 2A1P11711Details
Cytochrome P450 2A2P15149Details