Sensitizing effects of lafutidine on CGRP-containing afferent nerves in the rat stomach.

Article Details


Nishihara K, Nozawa Y, Nakano M, Ajioka H, Matsuura N

Sensitizing effects of lafutidine on CGRP-containing afferent nerves in the rat stomach.

Br J Pharmacol. 2002 Mar;135(6):1487-94.

PubMed ID
11906962 [ View in PubMed

1. Capsaicin sensitive afferent nerves play an important role in gastric mucosal defensive mechanisms. Capsaicin stimulates afferent nerves and enhances the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), which seems to be the predominant neurotransmitter of spinal afferents in the rat stomach, exerting many pharmacological effects by a direct mechanism or indirectly through second messengers such as nitric oxide (NO). 2. Lafutidine is a new type of anti-ulcer drug, possessing both an antisecretory effect, exerted via histamine H(2) receptor blockade, and gastroprotective activities. Studies with certain antagonists or chemical deafferentation techniques suggest the gastroprotective actions of lafutidine to be mediated by capsaicin sensitive afferent nerves, but this is an assumption based on indirect techniques. In order to explain the direct relation of lafutidine to afferent nerves, we conducted the following studies. 3. We determined CGRP and NO release from rat stomach and specific [(3)H]-resiniferatoxin (RTX) binding to gastric vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1), which binds capsaicin, using EIA, a microdialysis system and a radioreceptor assay, respectively. 4. Lafutidine enhanced both CGRP and NO release from the rat stomach induced by a submaximal dose of capsaicin, but had no effect on specific [(3)H]-RTX and capsaicin binding to VR1. 5. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that lafutidine modulates the activity of capsaicin sensitive afferent nerves in the rat stomach, which may be a key mechanism involved in its gastroprotective action.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Targets
DrugTargetKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
ResiniferatoxinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1ProteinHumans
Not AvailableDetails