Internalization of OspA in rsCD14 complex and aggregated forms.

Article Details


Welty DM, Snyder DS

Internalization of OspA in rsCD14 complex and aggregated forms.

Mol Microbiol. 2003 Nov;50(3):835-43.

PubMed ID
14617145 [ View in PubMed

Although the spirochetal protein OspA is capable of stimulating immune cells in a CD14- and TLR2-dependent manner, little is known about how TLR2 receptor complex ligands, such as OspA, are handled by the cell once delivered. We examine here the internalization of the fluorescently derivatized forms of both the full length OspA lipoprotein delivered as a recombinant soluble CD14 (rsCD14) complex and the corresponding lipohexapeptide given to the cells as an aggregate. Both forms of OspA are internalized in a similar manner to acetylated low density lipoprotein (AcLDL), a scavenger receptor ligand. Acetylated low density lipoprotein is capable of competing for internalization with OspA even when OspA is delivered as a rsCD14 complex. We observe co-localization of OspA with lysosomes but not with the Golgi complex. These phenomena are similar between RAW264.7 macrophages and endothelial cells but change drastically when the cells are deprived of serum. Upon serum starvation, OspA shows some localization to the Golgi apparatus whereas the lipohexapeptide remains on the cell surface. Inhibition of internalization of OspA via treatment with cytochalasin D or of the lipohexapeptide via serum starvation does not interfere with TNF induction activity, consistent with signalling from the cell surface.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Targets
DrugTargetKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
Lyme disease vaccine (recombinant OspA)Toll-like receptor 2ProteinHumans