Direct inhibitors of InhA are active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Article Details


Manjunatha UH, S Rao SP, Kondreddi RR, Noble CG, Camacho LR, Tan BH, Ng SH, Ng PS, Ma NL, Lakshminarayana SB, Herve M, Barnes SW, Yu W, Kuhen K, Blasco F, Beer D, Walker JR, Tonge PJ, Glynne R, Smith PW, Diagana TT

Direct inhibitors of InhA are active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Sci Transl Med. 2015 Jan 7;7(269):269ra3. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3010597.

PubMed ID
25568071 [ View in PubMed

New chemotherapeutic agents are urgently required to combat the global spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The mycobacterial enoyl reductase InhA is one of the few clinically validated targets in tuberculosis drug discovery. We report the identification of a new class of direct InhA inhibitors, the 4-hydroxy-2-pyridones, using phenotypic high-throughput whole-cell screening. This class of orally active compounds showed potent bactericidal activity against common isoniazid-resistant TB clinical isolates. Biophysical studies revealed that 4-hydroxy-2-pyridones bound specifically to InhA in an NADH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)-dependent manner and blocked the enoyl substrate-binding pocket. The lead compound NITD-916 directly blocked InhA in a dose-dependent manner and showed in vivo efficacy in acute and established mouse models of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Collectively, our structural and biochemical data open up new avenues for rational structure-guided optimization of the 4-hydroxy-2-pyridone class of compounds for the treatment of MDR-TB.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase [NADH]P9WGR1Details