Cardioprotective mechanisms of eplerenone on cardiac performance and remodeling in failing rat hearts.

Article Details


Kobayashi N, Yoshida K, Nakano S, Ohno T, Honda T, Tsubokou Y, Matsuoka H

Cardioprotective mechanisms of eplerenone on cardiac performance and remodeling in failing rat hearts.

Hypertension. 2006 Apr;47(4):671-9. doi: 10.1161/01.HYP.0000203148.42892.7a. Epub 2006 Feb 27.

PubMed ID
16505212 [ View in PubMed

Aldosterone may play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. To elucidate the beneficial cardioprotective mechanism of eplerenone, a novel selective aldosterone blocker, we hypothesized that eplerenone stimulates endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) through Akt and inhibits inducible NO synthase (iNOS) via nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) after the development of oxidative stress and activation of the lectin-like, oxidized, low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (LOX-1) pathway in Dahl salt-sensitive rats with heart failure. Eplerenone (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg per day) was given from the age of the left ventricular hypertrophy stage (11 weeks) to the failing stage (18 weeks) for 7 weeks. The left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relationship was evaluated using a conductance catheter. Decreased percentage of fractional shortening by echocardiography and end-systolic pressure-volume relationship in failing rats was significantly ameliorated by eplerenone. Downregulated eNOS expression, eNOS and Akt phosphorylation, and NOS activity in failing rats were increased by eplerenone. Upregulated expression of the mineralocorticoid receptor aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2); NAD(P)H oxidase p22phox, p47phox, gp91phox, iNOS, and LOX-1; and activated p65 NF-kappaB, protein kinase CbetaII, c-Src, p44/p42 extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and p70S6 kinase phosphorylation were inhibited by eplerenone. Eplerenone administration resulted in significant improvement of cardiac function and remodeling and upregulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase expression. These findings suggest that eplerenone may have significant therapeutic potential for heart failure, and these cardioprotective mechanisms of eplerenone may be mediated in part by stimulating eNOS through Akt and inhibiting iNOS via NF-kappaB after activation of the oxidative stress-LOX-1 pathway and signal transduction pathway.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Enzymes
DrugEnzymeKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
EplerenoneCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialProteinHumans