Duodenal cytochrome b and hephaestin expression in patients with iron deficiency and hemochromatosis.

Article Details


Zoller H, Theurl I, Koch RO, McKie AT, Vogel W, Weiss G

Duodenal cytochrome b and hephaestin expression in patients with iron deficiency and hemochromatosis.

Gastroenterology. 2003 Sep;125(3):746-54. doi: 10.1016/s0016-5085(03)01063-1.

PubMed ID
12949720 [ View in PubMed

BACKGROUND & AIMS: An increased duodenal expression of the iron transporters, divalent-metal-transporter-1, and ferroportin is observed in patients with iron deficiency or hereditary hemochromatosis. Two oxidoreductases, termed duodenal cytochrome b and hephaestin, are proposed to co-operate with divalent-metal-transporter-1 and FPN1, respectively, to transfer iron from the duodenal lumen to the circulation. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated the mRNA and protein expression of Dcytb and hephaestin in duodenal biopsies from patients with iron deficiency, HFE, and non-HFE-associated hemochromatosis and in control subjects by means of real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: In iron deficiency a coordinated upregulation of the iron transporters divalent-metal-transporter-1 and ferroportin and of duodenal-cytochrome b and hephaestin was found, whereas in patients with HFE and non-HFE-associated hemochromatosis duodenal-cytochrome b and hephaestin protein and mRNA expression were not significantly different from control subjects. However, HFE but not non-HFE hemochromatosis patients presented with an increased duodenal ferric reductase activity. Spearman rank correlations showed that Dcytb, hephaestin, FPN1, and DMT1 mRNA expression are positively related to each other independently of the underlying disease, which ensures an efficient transepithelial transport of absorbed iron. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that duodenal-cytochrome b activity in iron deficiency is stimulated via enhanced protein expression, whereas in HFE hemochromatosis it is up-regulated post-translationally. This points to different kinetics of intestinal iron uptake between iron deficiency and HFE hemochromatosis and also indicates that duodenal iron accumulation in HFE and non-HFE hemochromatosis is pathophysiologically different.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Cytochrome b reductase 1Q53TN4Details