Novel APOB missense variants, A224T and V925L, in a black South African woman with marked hypocholesterolemia.

Article Details


Miller SA, Hooper AJ, Mantiri GA, Marais D, Tanyanyiwa DM, McKnight J, Burnett JR

Novel APOB missense variants, A224T and V925L, in a black South African woman with marked hypocholesterolemia.

J Clin Lipidol. 2016 May-Jun;10(3):604-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2016.01.006. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

PubMed ID
27206948 [ View in PubMed

BACKGROUND: One genetic cause of markedly low plasma concentrations of apolipoprotein (apo) B and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol is familial hypobetalipoproteinemia. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the molecular basis for the marked hypocholesterolemia consistent with heterozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia in a black female subject of Xhosa lineage. METHODS: Coding regions of APOB, MTTP, PCSK9,ANGPTL3, SAR1B and APOC3 were sequenced, and APOE was genotyped. COS-7 cells were transfected with plasmids containing apoB variants. Western blotting was used to detect cellular and secreted apoB, and co-immunoprecipitation performed to assess binding with the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). RESULTS: Sequence analysis of the APOB gene revealed her to be heterozygous for two novel variants, c.751G>A (A224T) and c.2854G>C (V925L). She was also homozygous for the APOEepsilon2 allele, and did not carry a PCSK9 loss-of-function mutation. Although Ala(224) is within the postulated MTP binding region in apoB, it is not conserved among mammalian species. Subsequent genotyping showed that Ala224Thr is found in a southern African population (n=654) with an allele frequency of 1.15% and is not associated with plasma lipid levels. Val(925), like Ala(224), is within the N-terminal 1000 amino acids required for lipoprotein assembly, but was not found in the population screen. However, in vitro studies showed that apoB V925L did not affect apoB48 production or secretion nor have a deleterious effect on MTP interaction with apoB. CONCLUSION: Taken together, this suggests that the hypocholesterolemia in our case may be a result of being homozygous for APOEepsilon2 with a low baseline cholesterol.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Apolipoprotein B-100P04114Details