Disulfide bonds within the C2 domain of RAGE play key roles in its dimerization and biogenesis.

Article Details


Wei W, Lampe L, Park S, Vangara BS, Waldo GS, Cabantous S, Subaran SS, Yang D, Lakatta EG, Lin L

Disulfide bonds within the C2 domain of RAGE play key roles in its dimerization and biogenesis.

PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e50736. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050736. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

PubMed ID
23284645 [ View in PubMed

BACKGROUND: The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) on the cell surface transmits inflammatory signals. A member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, RAGE possesses the V, C1, and C2 ectodomains that collectively constitute the receptor's extracellular structure. However, the molecular mechanism of RAGE biogenesis remains unclear, impeding efforts to control RAGE signaling through cellular regulation. METHODOLOGY AND RESULT: We used co-immunoprecipitation and crossing-linking to study RAGE oligomerization and found that RAGE forms dimer-based oligomers. Via non-reducing SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and mutagenesis, we found that cysteines 259 and 301 within the C2 domain form intermolecular disulfide bonds. Using a modified tripartite split GFP complementation strategy and confocal microscopy, we also found that RAGE dimerization occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and that RAGE mutant molecules without the double disulfide bridges are unstable, and are subjected to the ER-associated degradation. CONCLUSION: Disulfide bond-mediated RAGE dimerization in the ER is the critical step of RAGE biogenesis. Without formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds in the C2 region, RAGE fails to reach cell surface. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first report of RAGE intermolecular disulfide bond.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptorQ15109Details