Intrapatient comparison of treatment with chlorthalidone, spironolactone and propranolol in normoreninemic essential hypertension.

Article Details

Citation

Drayer JI, Kloppenborg PW, Festen J, van't Laar A, Benraad TJ

Intrapatient comparison of treatment with chlorthalidone, spironolactone and propranolol in normoreninemic essential hypertension.

Am J Cardiol. 1975 Oct 31;36(5):716-21.

PubMed ID
1103606 [ View in PubMed
]
Abstract

The effects of chlorthalidone, spironolactone and propranolol in reducing blood pressure were compared in the same 11 normoreninemic hypertensive patients. All three drugs decreased the blood pressure significantly and no agent had a superior blood pressure-lowering effect. The blood pressure did not normalize. The data suggest that no one variable--volume factors, relative hyperactivity of the renin-aldosterone system or beta-adrenergic hyperactivity--is the prime mover in normoreninemic hypertension. Long-term treatment with chlorthalidone resulted in slight hyperreninism (26.3 +/- 4.9 ng-ml-1-3 hours-1) (mean +/- standard error) with concomitant changes in plasma aldosterone (23.0 +/- 3.2 ng-100 ml-1). The body weight decreased significantly (--1.8 kg, P less than 0.005). Plasma potassium concentrations were low (3.2 +/- 0.1 mEq-liter -1). Creatinine clearance was unimpaired (117 +/- 6 ml-min-1). Treatment with spironolactone resulted in more marked hyperreninism (47.0 +/- 14.3 ng-ml-1-3 hours-1) and hyperaldosteronism (61.9 +/-11.8 ng-100 ml-1). The body weight decreased significantly (--1.9 kg, P less than 0.004). Significant hyperkalemia occurred (4.4 +/- 0.1 mEq-liter-1). The glomerular filtration rate decreased significantly to 93 +/- 3 ml-min-1 (P less than 0.004). Treatment with propranolol resulted in marked suppression of the plasma renin activity (1.8 +/- 0.2 ng-ml-1-3 hours-1) and plasma aldosterone levels (8.9 +/- 1.3 ng-100 ml-1). A significant increase in body weight occurred (+2.3 kg, P less than 0.013). The plasma potassium concentration increased to a level not significantly different from the value found after treatment with spironolactone (4.2 +/- 0.1 mEq-liter-1). The creatinine clearance decreased significantly to 99 +/- 5 ml-min-1 (P less than 0.008). Hyperreninemia (by spironolactone and chlorthalidone), effective hyperaldosteronism (by chlorthalidone) and volume retention (by propranolol) are considered to represent expressions of mechanisms counteracting the depressor effects of these different pharmacologic maneuvers, leading to the maintenance of supranormal blood pressure.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Pharmaco-metabolomics
DrugDrug GroupsMetaboliteChangeDescription
PropranololApproved InvestigationalAldosterone
decreased
Propranolol decreases the level of Aldosterone in the blood
ChlorthalidoneApprovedAldosterone
increased
Chlorthalidone increases the level of Aldosterone in the blood
SpironolactoneApprovedPotassium
increased
Spironolactone increases the level of Potassium in the blood