Effect of CYP2C19 genetic polymorphism on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin and phenobarbital in Japanese epileptic patients using Non-linear Mixed Effects Model approach.

Article Details

Citation

Yukawa E, Mamiya K

Effect of CYP2C19 genetic polymorphism on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin and phenobarbital in Japanese epileptic patients using Non-linear Mixed Effects Model approach.

J Clin Pharm Ther. 2006 Jun;31(3):275-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2710.2006.00712.x.

PubMed ID
16789993 [ View in PubMed
]
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin and phenobarbital using a Non-linear Mixed Effects Modelling analysis in Japanese epileptic patients. METHOD: A total of 326 serum phenytoin concentrations were collected from 132 patients, and a total of 144 serum phenobarbital concentrations were collected from 74 patients during their clinical routine care. RESULT: The maximal elimination rate of phenytoin decreased by 10.2% in patients with CYP2C19*1/*2 compared with patients with normal CYP2C19. The Michaelis-Menten constants in the patients with CYP2C19*1/*3 and the poor metabolizers of (CYP2C19*2/*2 or *2/*3 or *3/*3) were 27% and 54% higher than those for the patients with normal CYP2C19, respectively. The total body clearance of phenobarbital decreased by 19.3% in patients with CYP2C19*1/*3 or the poor metabolizers of CYP2C19 compared with patients with normal CYP2C19 or with CYP2C19*1/*2. CONCLUSION: These findings indicated that the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19 contribute to the pharmacokinetic variability of phenytoin and phenobarbital, the poor metabolizers of CYP2C19, which are relatively common in Asian groups.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Enzymes
DrugEnzymeKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
BarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19ProteinHumans
No
Substrate
Inducer
Details
PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19ProteinHumans
Unknown
Substrate
Inducer
Details
Drug Interactions
DrugsInteraction
Interactions
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