In vitro and in vivo receptor binding and effects on monoamine turnover in rat brain regions of the novel antipsychotics risperidone and ocaperidone.

Article Details


Leysen JE, Janssen PM, Gommeren W, Wynants J, Pauwels PJ, Janssen PA

In vitro and in vivo receptor binding and effects on monoamine turnover in rat brain regions of the novel antipsychotics risperidone and ocaperidone.

Mol Pharmacol. 1992 Mar;41(3):494-508.

PubMed ID
1372084 [ View in PubMed

Risperidone and ocaperidone are new benzisoxazol antipsychotics with particularly beneficial effects in schizophrenia. We report a comprehensive study on the in vitro and in vivo receptor binding profile of the new compounds, compared with haloperidol, and on the drug effects on monoamine and metabolite levels in various brain areas. The in vitro receptor binding and monoamine uptake inhibition profiles, comprising 29 receptors and four monoamine uptake systems, revealed that ocaperidone and risperidone bound primarily, and with the highest affinity thus far reported, to serotonin 5HT2 receptors (Ki values of 0.14 and 0.12 nM, respectively). Further, the drugs bound at nanomolar concentrations to the following receptors (Ki values, in nM, for ocaperidone and risperidone, respectively): alpha 1-adrenergic (0.46 and 0.81), dopamine D2 (0.75 and 3.0), histamine H1 (1.6 and 2.1), and alpha 2-adrenergic (5.4 and 7.3). In contrast, haloperidol showed nanomolar affinity for D2 receptors (1.55) and haloperidol-sensitive sigma sites (0.84) only. The in vitro binding affinity of ocaperidone, risperidone, and haloperidol for D2 receptors was exactly the same when measured in membranes from rat striatum, nucleus accumbens, tuberculum olfactorium, and human kidney cells expressing the cloned human D2 receptor (long form). In vivo binding in rats, using intravenous administration of [3H]spiperone, revealed very potent occupation by ocaperidone and risperidone of 5HT2 receptors in the frontal cortex (ED50 of 0.04-0.03 mg/kg); in this respect, they were 6, 30, and 100 times more potent than ritanserin, haloperidol, and clozapine, respectively. Ocaperidone occupied D2 receptors in the striatum and the nucleus accumbens with similar potency as did haloperidol (ED50 of 0.14-0.16 mg/kg). Risperidone revealed biphasic inhibition curves in the latter brain areas, indicating that [3H] spiperone labeled both 5HT2 receptors (occupied by risperidone at less than 0.04 mg/kg) and D2 receptors (risperidone ED50 of approximately 1 mg/kg). In the tuberculum olfactorium, 5HT2 and D2 receptors were also distinguished with risperidone. The ED50 values for occupation of the latter were for ocaperidone and risperidone 2 times lower and for haloperidol 2 times higher than in the striatum. Ocaperidone, risperidone, and haloperidol readily increased the levels of the dopamine metabolites 3,4-dihydroxybenzene acetic acid and homovanillic acid in the striatum, the nucleus accumbens, the tuberculum olfactorium, and, to some extent, the frontal cortex. Dose-response curve shapes were markedly different; with ocaperidone maximal levels were reached at 0.16 mg/kg and maintained to 10 mg/kg; with risperidone the levels tended to increase continuously up to 10 mg/kg. Haloperidol produced dome-shaped curves (maximum at 0.16-0.63 mg/kg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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