Spectrum of mutations in CRM-positive and CRM-reduced hemophilia A.

Article Details


McGinniss MJ, Kazazian HH Jr, Hoyer LW, Bi L, Inaba H, Antonarakis SE

Spectrum of mutations in CRM-positive and CRM-reduced hemophilia A.

Genomics. 1993 Feb;15(2):392-8.

PubMed ID
8449505 [ View in PubMed

Hemophilia A is due to the functional deficiency of factor VII (FVIII, gene locus F8C). Although half the patients have no detectable FVIII protein in their plasma, the more rare patients (approximately 5%) have normal levels of a dysfunctional FVIII and are termed cross-reacting material (CRM)-positive. More commonly (approximately 45%), patients have plasma FVIII protein reduced to an extent roughly comparable to the level of FVIII activity and are designated CRM-reduced. We used denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to screen for mutations within the F8C gene of 11 patients (6 CRM-positive, 5 CRM-reduced) and identified 9 different mutations in 9 patients after analyses of all 26 exons, the promoter region, and the polyadenylation site. Six mutations have not been described previously. Five were missense (Ser289Leu, Ser558Phe, Val634Ala, Val634-Met, Asn1441Lys), and the sixth was a 3-bp deletion (delta Phe652). A review of the literature and the assay of FVIII antigen in 5 hemophilia A patients with previously identified missense mutations from this laboratory yielded a total of 20 other unique CRM-reduced and CRM-positive mutations. Almost all CRM-positive/reduced mutations (24/26) were missense, and many (12/26) occurred at CpG dinucleotides. We examined 19 missense mutations for evolutionary conservation using the portions of the porcine and murine F8C sequences that are known, and 18/19 amino acid residues altered by mutation in these patients were conserved. Almost 50% of mutations (11/26) clustered in the A2 domain, suggesting that this region is critical for the function of FVIII.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Coagulation factor VIIIP00451Details