Mutational analysis of the genes encoding urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor PAI-1 in advanced ovarian cancer.

Article Details


Turkmen B, Schmitt M, Schmalfeldt B, Trommler P, Hell W, Creutzburg S, Graeff H, Magdolen V

Mutational analysis of the genes encoding urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor PAI-1 in advanced ovarian cancer.

Electrophoresis. 1997 May;18(5):686-9.

PubMed ID
9194591 [ View in PubMed

Evidence has accumulated that urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its inhibitor (PAI-1) and receptor (uPAR) are involved in tumor invasion and metastasis. We analyzed the DNA sequences encoding these factors to see if they are altered in the ovarian cancer cell lines OV-MZ-6, OV-MZ-19, and OVCAR-3. In the uPA-encoding cDNA derived from OV-MZ-6 cells (but not in the uPA-cDNA from OVCAR-3 and OV-MZ-19), a so-far unknown mutation was identified in codon 121, resulting in a proline to leucine exchange. This exchange creates an AluI restriction site making restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analyses possible. Previously published PAI-1 sequences pointed to a variation of amino acid 15 of the PAI-1 signal sequence representing either threonine or alanine, which was confirmed in the present study. The uPAR cDNAs of all three cell lines encoded the published wild-type sequence. In order to elucidate the possible role of the Pro121Leu exchange in uPA and the Ala/Thr variants in the signal sequence of PAI-1 in the development and/or progression of human ovarian cancer, we studied the presence of these mutants or variants in a series of 22 ovarian cancer tissues. In addition to the wild-type sequence, the Pro121Leu exchange in the uPA sequence was detected in 10 out of 22 tumor tissues; 11 tumors carried exclusively the Pro121 allele; in one case exclusively the Leu121 allele was detected. In 18/22 tumors, triplet 15 in the signal sequence of PAI-1 encoded alanine, four DNAs contained both the Ala and the Thr allele. Furthermore, we analyzed another known common single-base-pair insertion/deletion polymorphism (ins/del allele) found in the promoter region of the PAI-1 gene and thought to be of functional importance in regulating PAI-1 gene expression. The PAI-1 ins-allele was found in 3/22, the del-allele in 6/22 and both alleles in 13/22 ovarian cancer tissues. In genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood of 23 healthy donors, we observed similar allele frequencies of the three polymorphisms as found in the 22 ovarian carcinomas. Taken together, these results suggest that the polymorphisms observed in the uPA and PAI-1 genes may not be linked to ovarian cancer.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1P05121Details
Urokinase-type plasminogen activatorP00749Details