A novel gene, hKCa4, encodes the calcium-activated potassium channel in human T lymphocytes.

Article Details


Logsdon NJ, Kang J, Togo JA, Christian EP, Aiyar J

A novel gene, hKCa4, encodes the calcium-activated potassium channel in human T lymphocytes.

J Biol Chem. 1997 Dec 26;272(52):32723-6.

PubMed ID
9407042 [ View in PubMed

We have isolated a novel gene, hKCa4, encoding an intermediate conductance, calcium-activated potassium channel from a human lymph node library. The translated protein comprises 427 amino acids, has six transmembrane segments, S1-S6, and a pore motif between S5 and S6. hKCa4 shares 41-42% similarity at the amino acid level with three small conductance calcium-activated potassium channels cloned from brain. Northern blot analysis of primary human T lymphocytes reveals a 2.2-kilobase transcript that is highly up-regulated in activated compared with resting cells, concomitant with an increase in KCa current. hKCa4 transcript is also detected by Northern blots or by polymerase chain reaction in placenta, prostate, thymus, spleen, colon, and many cell lines of hematopoietic origin. Patch-clamp recordings of hKCa4-transfected HEK 293 cells reveal a large voltage-independent, inwardly rectifying potassium current that is blocked by externally applied tetraethylammonium (Kd = 30 +/- 7 mM), charybdotoxin (Kd = 10 +/- 1 nM), and clotrimazole (Kd = 387 +/- 34 nM), but is resistant to apamin, iberiotoxin, kaliotoxin, scyllatoxin (Kd > 1 microM), and margatoxin (Kd > 100 nM). Single hKCa4 channels have a conductance of 33 +/- 2 picosiemens in symmetrical potassium solutions. The channel is activated by intracellular calcium (Kd = 270 +/- 8 nM) with a highly cooperative interaction of approximately three calcium ions per channel. These properties of the cloned channel are very similar to those reported for the native KCa channel in activated human T lymphocytes, indicating that hKCa4 encodes this channel type.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4O15554Details