The cDNA of a human lymphocyte cyclic-AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE IV) reveals a multigene family.

Article Details


Obernolte R, Bhakta S, Alvarez R, Bach C, Zuppan P, Mulkins M, Jarnagin K, Shelton ER

The cDNA of a human lymphocyte cyclic-AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE IV) reveals a multigene family.

Gene. 1993 Jul 30;129(2):239-47.

PubMed ID
8392015 [ View in PubMed

Five protein families are needed to encompass the diversity of cyclic-AMP (cAMP) phosphodiesterases (PDE). Family IV PDEs (PDE IV) specifically hydrolyze cAMP with a low Km, and are selectively inhibited by rolipram (Rp) and related drugs. Cloned cDNAs from rat (r) suggest that the PDE IV family comprises four distinct members, designated A, B, C and D. Using RN from a human lymphocytic B-cell line (43D-Cl2), we have isolated a 3.8-kb cDNA by low-stringency screening using a rat PDE IV member B (r-PDE IVB) probe. Expression of the human (h) cDNA in Escherichia coli results in cAMP-specific PDE activity that is Rp sensitive. A single large open reading frame (ORF) predicts a 564-amino-acid protein with 92.9% identity to r-PDE IVB; at the nucleotide level the identity is 86.3%. This h-PDE IVB clone, HPB106, differs from a related cDNA clone isolated by others from h-monocytes [Livi et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 10 (1990) 2678-2686]. Our analysis identifies the monocyte clone with r-PDE IVA. Southern blots using a 1.2-kb h-PDE IVB probe at low stringency suggest the presence of additional uncloned human PDE IV family members. Analysis of genomic Southern blots using short specific probes from the h-PDE IVA and h-PDE IVB cDNAs indicates that distinct genes encode these two PDE IV family members. RNA from fractionated normal human leukocytes shows major specific messages of 3.0 and 4.6 kb for h-PDE IVA and 3.7 kb for h-PDE IVB.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4BQ07343Details