Identification of a novel inactivating R465Q mutation of the calcium-sensing receptor.

Article Details


Leech C, Lohse P, Stanojevic V, Lechner A, Goke B, Spitzweg C

Identification of a novel inactivating R465Q mutation of the calcium-sensing receptor.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Apr 14;342(3):996-1002.

PubMed ID
16598859 [ View in PubMed

In this study, we describe a 52-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FBHH), a condition characterized by hypercalcemia, low urinary calcium excretion, and normal parathyroid hormone PTH levels, resulting from inactivating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). In order to identify and characterize the underlying mutation in the CASR gene, direct sequence analysis of CASR exons 2-7 was performed, and functional activity was examined by transient transfection of human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) cells with wild-type and mutant CaSRs, followed by intracellular calcium measurement using fluorometry, and Western blot analysis. Sequence analysis demonstrated, in addition to the already described A986S polymorphism, a novel heterozygous G--> A substitution in CASR exon 5 that causes an arginine to glutamine substitution at codon 465 (R465Q). Functional analysis showed a rightward shift of the dose-response curve with a significant increase of the EC50 from 5.4 mM of the CaSR carrying the A986S polymorphism alone to 11.3 mM of the CaSR carrying the R465Q mutation in the presence of the A986S polymorphism. Western blot analysis of membrane protein revealed an even higher expression level of the R465Q mutant protein compared to wild-type CaSR. In conclusion, we identified a novel heterozygous loss-of-function R465Q mutation of the CASR gene, which is characterized by a blunted response to calcium stimulation, thereby causing FBHH.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Extracellular calcium-sensing receptorP41180Details