Membrane-binding amphipathic alpha-helical peptide derived from CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase.

Article Details


Johnson JE, Cornell RB

Membrane-binding amphipathic alpha-helical peptide derived from CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase.

Biochemistry. 1994 Apr 12;33(14):4327-35.

PubMed ID
8155650 [ View in PubMed

A peptide corresponding to a portion of the amphipathic alpha-helical region of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase was synthesized. This region of the enzyme was proposed to be the membrane-binding domain [Kalmar, G.B., Kay, R.J., Lachance, A., Aebersold, R., & Cornell, R.B. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 87, 6029]. We have shown that the peptide is physically associated with PG vesicles. CD of the peptide in buffer suggested a primarily random structure, while, in the presence of trifluoroethanol, the peptide was alpha-helical. Anionic lipid vesicles promoted an alpha-helical conformation, whereas neutral or cationic lipid vesicles did not alter the random structure of the peptide, suggesting a selective stabilization of the alpha-helix by anionic membranes. The fluorescence of the single tryptophan residue, which lies on the hydrophobic face of the amphipathic alpha-helix, was studied. Anionic lipid vesicles specifically induced a shift in the fluorescence to a lower wavelength. Fluorescence quenching by the aqueous-phase quencher, I-, and the lipid-phase quencher 9,10-dibromo-PC was used to determine the accessibility of the tryptophan to each of these environments. The presence of anionic lipid vesicles, but not nonanionic lipid vesicles, decreased the quenching by I- suggesting that, in the presence of anionic lipids, the tryptophan residue is poorly accessible to the aqueous I-. Dibromo-PC significantly quenched the fluorescence only when present in anionic vesicles, confirming the membrane location of the tryptophan residue and the lipid specificity of this interaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase AP49585Details