Transcriptional ERRgamma2-mediated activation is regulated by sentrin-specific proteases.

Article Details


Hentschke M, Susens U, Borgmeyer U

Transcriptional ERRgamma2-mediated activation is regulated by sentrin-specific proteases.

Biochem J. 2009 Apr 1;419(1):167-76. doi: 10.1042/BJ20081556.

PubMed ID
19067653 [ View in PubMed

Modification with SUMOs (small ubiquitin-related modifiers) has emerged as an important means of regulating the activity of transcription factors, often by repressing their activity. The ERRgamma [oestrogen receptor-related receptor gamma; ERR3 or NR3B3 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group B, gene3)] is a constitutively active orphan nuclear receptor. A PDSM, (phosphorylation-dependent sumoylation motif) is located in the close vicinity of the N-terminally located ERRgamma2-specific AF-1 (activation function-1). Its function can be replaced by an NDSM (negatively charged amino acid-dependent sumoylation motif). A mutational analysis reveals that ERRgamma2 activity is modulated through sumoylation of a lysine residue at position 40, which in turn is regulated by phosphorylation. Phosphorylation at the +5 position relative to the sumoylation target is directly visualized by a high-resolution EMSA (electrophoretic mobility-shift assay). Sumoylation represses the activity of ERRgamma both with and without forced expression of the PGC-1beta (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator-1beta). Fusion proteins of a heterologous DNA-binding domain with the ERRgamma2 N-terminus demonstrate the function of the PDSM as the RF-1 (repression function-1) for the neighbouring AF-1. De-repression is achieved by co-expression of sentrin/SENP (sentrin-specific protease) family members. Together, our results demonstrate reversible phosphorylation-dependent sumoylation as a means to regulate the activity of an orphan nuclear receptor.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Estrogen-related receptor gammaP62508Details