Perennial Allergic Rhinitis (PAR)

Also known as: Perennial Allergic Rhinitis / Atopic rhinitis / Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / Rhinitis perennial / Perennial rhinitis

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateAn inhaled corticosteroid used as maintenance treatment in the prophylaxis of asthma attacks.
DB00341CetirizineA selective Histamine-1 antagonist drug used in allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria.
DB01410CiclesonideA glucocorticoid used in the symptomatic relief of nasal symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and adolescents.
DB01380Cortisone acetateA steroid hormone used for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses and endocrine disorders associated with inadequate production of steroid hormones.
DB01003Cromoglicic acidA medication used to treat asthma, allergic reactions of the eyes and nose, as well as other mast cell reactions.
DB00967DesloratadineA second generation tricyclic antihistamine used to treat seasonal and non seasonal allergic rhinitis, pruritus, and urticaria.
DB01234DexamethasoneA glucocorticoid available in various modes of administration that is used for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, including bronchial asthma, as well as endocrine and rheumatic disorders.
DB08906Fluticasone furoateAn inhaled corticosteroid that can be used as maintenance treatment of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depending on the product. Also available as a nasal spray to manage symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
DB00332IpratropiumAn anticholinergic drug used in the control of symptoms related to bronchospasm in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB06282LevocetirizineAn H1-receptor antagonist used to treat symptoms associated with chronic allergic rhinitis and uncomplicated cases of chronic idiopathic urticaria.
DB00455LoratadineA second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
DB00959MethylprednisoloneA corticosteroid used to treat inflammation or immune reactions across a variety of organ systems, endocrine conditions, and neoplastic diseases.
DB12523MizolastineMizolastine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01928316 (A Bioequivalence Study of Domestic (Made in China) and Imported Mizolastine Tablets in Healthy Volunteers).
DB00471MontelukastA leukotriene receptor antagonist used as part of an asthma therapy regimen, to prevent exercise induced bronchoconstriction, and to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis.
DB00860PrednisoloneA glucocorticoid used to treat adrenocortical insufficiency, inflammatory conditions, and some cancers.
DB00427TriprolidineA sedating antihistamine combined with pseudoephedrine and guaifenesin in various types of cold and allergy medications to relieve allergy symptoms, hay fever and common cold symptoms, and to aid in sleep.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00341CetirizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00341CetirizineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01410CiclesonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01410CiclesonideLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB01380Cortisone acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01003Cromoglicic acidProtein S100-Ptarget
DB00967DesloratadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00967DesloratadineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01234DexamethasoneAnnexin A1target
DB01234DexamethasoneNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 1target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01234DexamethasoneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneSerum albumincarrier
DB01234DexamethasoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB08906Fluticasone furoateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB08906Fluticasone furoateP-glycoprotein 1carrier
DB08906Fluticasone furoateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1carrier
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateProgesterone receptortarget
DB08906Fluticasone furoateMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB00332IpratropiumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00332IpratropiumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00332IpratropiumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00332IpratropiumSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00332IpratropiumSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00332IpratropiumSerum albumincarrier
DB00332Ipratropiumalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB06282LevocetirizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB06282LevocetirizineSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB06282LevocetirizineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06282LevocetirizineSerum albumincarrier
DB00455LoratadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00455LoratadineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00455LoratadinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00455LoratadineBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00455LoratadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B10enzyme
DB00455LoratadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00455LoratadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00455LoratadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A Subfamilyenzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneAnnexin A1target
DB00959Methylprednisolone20-ketosteroid reductase (20-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase)enzyme
DB00959Methylprednisolone11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenaseenzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneSerum albumincarrier
DB12523MizolastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1target
DB00471MontelukastArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00471MontelukastSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00471MontelukastProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneSerum albumincarrier
DB00427TriprolidineHistamine H1 receptortarget