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Displaying drugs 126 - 150 of 1312 in total
Terbinafine hydrochloride (Lamisil) is a synthetic allylamine antifungal.[L9065,L9068] It is highly lipophilic in nature and tends to accumulate in skin, nails, and fatty tissues. Like other allylamines, terbinafine inhibits ergosterol synthesis by inhibiting the fungal squalene monooxygenase (also called squalene epoxidase), an enzyme that is part of the fungal cell...
Approved
Investigational
Vet approved
A class I anti-arrhythmic agent (one that interferes directly with the depolarization of the cardiac membrane and thus serves as a membrane-stabilizing agent) with a depressant action on the heart similar to that of guanidine. It also possesses some anticholinergic and local anesthetic properties.
Approved
Matched Description: … the cardiac membrane and thus serves as a membrane-stabilizing agent) with a depressant action on the heart
An antineoplastic agent that is a derivative of progesterone and used to treat advanced breast cancer.
Approved
Investigational
Guanfacine, or BS 100-141,[A189838,A189841] is a selective alpha-A2 adrenergic receptor agonist initially indicated for the treatment of hypertension but is now indicated as an extended release tablet for the treatment of ADHD. Guanfacine was first described in the literature in 1974. Guanfacine was granted FDA approval on 27 October 1986.
Approved
Investigational
Olsalazine is an anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Olsalazine is a derivative of salicylic acid. Inactive by itself (it is a prodrug), it is converted by the bacteria in the colon to mesalamine. Mesalamine works as an anti-inflammatory agent in treating inflammatory...
Approved
A long-acting, non selective, calcium channel blocker with significant anti-anginal activity. The drug produces significant coronary vasodilation and modest peripheral effects. It has antihypertensive and selective anti-arrhythmia activities and acts as a calmodulin antagonist. It is no longer marketed in the United States, as it has been implicated in causing...
Approved
Withdrawn
A phenothiazine used as an antipsychotic agent and as an antiemetic.
Approved
Vet approved
Oxygen is an element displayed by the symbol O, and atomic number 8. It is an essential element for human survival. Decreased oxygen levels may be treated with medical oxygen therapy. Treatment with oxygen serves to increase blood oxygen levels and also exerts a secondary effect of decreasing blood flow...
Approved
Vet approved
Matched Description: … Oxygen therapy is used to treat emphysema, pneumonia, some heart disorders (congestive heart failure) …
An inhalation anesthetic. Currently, methoxyflurane is rarely used for surgical, obstetric, or dental anesthesia. If so employed, it should be administered with nitrous oxide to achieve a relatively light level of anesthesia, and a neuromuscular blocking agent given concurrently to obtain the desired degree of muscular relaxation. (From AMA Drug...
Approved
Investigational
Vet approved
Withdrawn
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common condition negatively impacting the lives of millions of patients worldwide. Due to its urinary symptoms that include nocturia, urgency, and frequency, this condition causes social embarrassment and a poor quality of life.[A185996,A185999] Oxybutynin, also marketed as Ditropan XL, is an anticholinergic medication used for...
Approved
Investigational
Insulin aspart is a rapid-acting form of insulin used for the treatment of hyperglycemia caused by Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Insulin is typically prescribed for the management of diabetes mellitus to mimic the activity of endogenously produced human insulin, a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the...
Approved
Matched Description: … a meal to promote the uptake of glucose from the blood into internal organs and tissues such as the liver ... In the long term, elevated blood sugar levels increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetic …
Insulin glulisine is a short-acting form of insulin used for the treatment of hyperglycemia caused by Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Insulin is typically prescribed for the management of diabetes mellitus to mimic the activity of endogenously produced human insulin, a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the...
Approved
Matched Description: … a meal to promote the uptake of glucose from the blood into internal organs and tissues such as the liver ... In the long term, elevated blood sugar levels increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetic …
Galcanezumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody developed by Eli Lilly and Company against human calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Although several small-molecule CGRP receptor antagonists have been developed, humanized monoclonal antibodies like galcanezumab are specifically designed to selectively bind to CGRP entities with high potency. Given this target specificity, lack of...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … toxicity, and characteristic proteolysis profile of immunoglobulin antibodies to not undergo metabolism by liver
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that has a slightly lower density than air. It is toxic to hemoglobin utilizing animals (including humans), when encountered in concentrations above about 35 ppm, although it is also formed in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought...
Approved
Investigational
Labetalol is a racemic mixture of 2 diastereoisomers where dilevalol, the R,R' stereoisomer, makes up 25% of the mixture. Labetalol is formulated as an injection or tablets to treat hypertension.[L7727,L7730] Labetalol was granted FDA approval on 1 August 1984.
Approved
Nitroprusside serves as a source of nitric oxide, a potent peripheral vasodilator that affects both arterioles and venules (venules more than arterioles). Nitroprusside is often administered intravenously to patients who are experiencing a hypertensive emergency.
Approved
Investigational
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of metformin. Although it is generally considered to be associated with an unacceptably high incidence of lactic acidosis, often fatal, it is still available in some countries. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p290)
Approved
Investigational
Withdrawn
Tricyclic antidepressant similar to imipramine, but with more antihistaminic and sedative properties.
Approved
Enprofylline is a derivative of theophylline which shares bronchodilator properties. Enprofylline is used in asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and in the management of cerebrovascular insufficiency, sickle cell disease, and diabetic neuropathy. Long-term enprofylline administration may be associated with elevation in liver enzyme levels and unpredictable blood levels.
Approved
Experimental
Matched Description: … Long-term enprofylline administration may be associated with elevation in liver enzyme levels and unpredictable …
Alfacalcidol, or 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol or 1-alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3, is a non-endogenous analogue of vitamin D. It plays an essential function in calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. Alfacaldisol is activated by the enzyme 25-hydroxylase in the liver to mediate its effects in the body, or most importantly, the kidneys and bones. The pharmacological...
Approved
Nutraceutical
Matched Description: … Alfacaldisol is activated by the enzyme 25-hydroxylase in the liver to mediate its effects in the body …
Derived from soybeans, soybean oil is a common vegetable oil and a source of polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids. It is a complex mixture of triglycerides where per 100 g, soybean oil has 16 g of saturated fat, 23 g of monounsaturated fat, and 58 g of polyunsaturated fat. The...
Approved
Taliglucerase alfa is the recombinant active form of the human lysosomal enzyme, β-glucocerebrosidase. It was approved in 2012 and is marketed under the name Elelyso for use in patients with type 1 Gaucher's disease.
Approved
Investigational
Tropisetron is an indole derivative with antiemetic activity. As a selective serotonin receptor antagonist, tropisetron competitively blocks the action of serotonin at 5HT3 receptors, resulting in suppression of chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Tropisetron appears to be well tolerated with the most frequently reported adverse effect being headache. Extrapyramidal...
Approved
Investigational
Raloxifene is a second generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that mediates anti-estrogenic effects on breast and uterine tissues, and estrogenic effects on bone, lipid metabolism, and blood coagulation.[A4979,T28] Exhibiting tissue-specific effects distinct from estradiol, raloxifene is the first of the benzothiophene group of antiestrogens to be labelled a SERM....
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … In addition, a clinical study consisting of postmenopausal women with documented coronary heart disease …
Carglumic acid is a drug used for the treatment of hyperammonemia in patients with a deficiency in N-acetyl glutamate synthase. This rare genetic disorder results in elevated blood levels of ammonia, which can eventually cross the blood–brain barrier and cause neurologic problems, cerebral edema, coma, and death. Carglumic acid was...
Approved
Displaying drugs 126 - 150 of 1312 in total