Identification

Generic Name
Prinomastat
DrugBank Accession Number
DB05100
Background

Prinomastat is a synthetic hydroxamic acid derivative with potential antineoplastic activity. Prinomastat inhibits matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) (specifically, MMP-2, 9, 13, and 14), thereby inducing extracellular matrix degradation, and inhibiting angiogenesis, tumor growth and invasion, and metastasis. As a lipophilic agent, prinomastat crosses the blood-brain barrier.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 423.506
Monoisotopic: 423.092262177
Chemical Formula
C18H21N3O5S2
Synonyms
  • Prinomastat
  • Prinomastatum
External IDs
  • AG-3340
  • AG3340
  • KB-R 9896
  • KB-R-9896

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in brain cancer, lung cancer, and prostate cancer.

Pharmacology
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

2-5 hours

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

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International/Other Brands
Prinomastat

Categories

Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as diarylethers. These are organic compounds containing the dialkyl ether functional group, with the formula ROR', where R and R' are aryl groups.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Ethers
Direct Parent
Diarylethers
Alternative Parents
Alpha amino acids and derivatives / Benzenesulfonamides / Benzenesulfonyl compounds / Phenoxy compounds / Phenol ethers / Thiomorpholines / Pyridines and derivatives / Organosulfonamides / Sulfonyls / Heteroaromatic compounds
show 8 more
Substituents
1,4-thiazinane / Alpha-amino acid or derivatives / Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound / Azacycle / Benzenesulfonamide / Benzenesulfonyl group / Benzenoid / Carbonyl group / Carboxylic acid derivative / Dialkylthioether
show 19 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
10T6626FRK
CAS number
192329-42-3
InChI Key
YKPYIPVDTNNYCN-INIZCTEOSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H21N3O5S2/c1-18(2)16(17(22)20-23)21(11-12-27-18)28(24,25)15-5-3-13(4-6-15)26-14-7-9-19-10-8-14/h3-10,16,23H,11-12H2,1-2H3,(H,20,22)/t16-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(3S)-N-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-4-[4-(pyridin-4-yloxy)benzenesulfonyl]thiomorpholine-3-carboxamide
SMILES
CC1(C)SCCN([C@H]1C(=O)NO)S(=O)(=O)C1=CC=C(OC2=CC=NC=C2)C=C1

References

General References
  1. Shalinsky DR, Brekken J, Zou H, McDermott CD, Forsyth P, Edwards D, Margosiak S, Bender S, Truitt G, Wood A, Varki NM, Appelt K: Broad antitumor and antiangiogenic activities of AG3340, a potent and selective MMP inhibitor undergoing advanced oncology clinical trials. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999 Jun 30;878:236-70. [Article]
  2. Deryugina EI, Ratnikov BI, Strongin AY: Prinomastat, a hydroxamate inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases, has a complex effect on migration of breast carcinoma cells. Int J Cancer. 2003 May 1;104(5):533-41. [Article]
  3. Scatena R: Prinomastat, a hydroxamate-based matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor. A novel pharmacological approach for tissue remodelling-related diseases. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2000 Sep;9(9):2159-65. [Article]
KEGG Drug
D03797
PubChem Compound
466151
PubChem Substance
175426943
ChemSpider
409762
BindingDB
50082556
ChEBI
138885
ChEMBL
CHEMBL75094
ZINC
ZINC000000580328
PDBe Ligand
PN0
Wikipedia
Prinomastat
PDB Entries
3qm4 / 3tda / 6csd

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
3CompletedTreatmentLung Cancers1
3CompletedTreatmentProstate Cancer1
2CompletedTreatmentBrain and Central Nervous System Tumors1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0986 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.88ALOGPS
logP1.2ChemAxon
logS-3.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)8.7ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.94ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area108.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity105.87 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41.19 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9508
Blood Brain Barrier-0.5364
Caco-2 permeable-0.6419
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.7148
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.6303
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.6027
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8762
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.717
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8124
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5304
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.734
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.6707
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8338
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5746
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8131
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6747
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.616
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.5532
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9971
Rat acute toxicity2.4167 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.8634
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.6423
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397)

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Drug created at October 21, 2007 22:23 / Updated at June 12, 2020 16:52