Identification

Generic Name
Clinofibrate
DrugBank Accession Number
DB09006
Background

Clinofibrate is a fibrate drug sold and marketed in Japan.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Experimental
Structure
Weight
Average: 468.59
Monoisotopic: 468.251188879
Chemical Formula
C28H36O6
Synonyms
  • Clinofibrate

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action
TargetActionsOrganism
UPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphaNot AvailableHumans
UPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaNot AvailableHumans
UPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltaNot AvailableHumans
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

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International/Other Brands
Lipoclin (Dainippon Sumitomo) / Lipofibrate (Taiyo Pharmaceutical) / Prinmate (Sawai Seiyaku)

Categories

Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as diphenylmethanes. These are compounds containing a diphenylmethane moiety, which consists of a methane wherein two hydrogen atoms are replaced by two phenyl groups.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Benzenoids
Class
Benzene and substituted derivatives
Sub Class
Diphenylmethanes
Direct Parent
Diphenylmethanes
Alternative Parents
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives / Phenoxy compounds / Phenol ethers / Alkyl aryl ethers / Dicarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organic oxides / Hydrocarbon derivatives / Carbonyl compounds
Substituents
Alkyl aryl ether / Aromatic homomonocyclic compound / Carbonyl group / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid derivative / Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives / Diphenylmethane / Ether / Hydrocarbon derivative / Organic oxide
Molecular Framework
Aromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
0374EZJ8CU
CAS number
30299-08-2
InChI Key
BMOVQUBVGICXQN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C28H36O6/c1-5-26(3,24(29)30)33-22-14-10-20(11-15-22)28(18-8-7-9-19-28)21-12-16-23(17-13-21)34-27(4,6-2)25(31)32/h10-17H,5-9,18-19H2,1-4H3,(H,29,30)(H,31,32)
IUPAC Name
2-(4-{1-[4-(1-carboxy-1-methylpropoxy)phenyl]cyclohexyl}phenoxy)-2-methylbutanoic acid
SMILES
CCC(C)(OC1=CC=C(C=C1)C1(CCCCC1)C1=CC=C(OC(C)(CC)C(O)=O)C=C1)C(O)=O

References

Synthesis Reference

U.S. Patent 3,716,583.

General References
Not Available
KEGG Drug
D01300
PubChem Compound
2787
PubChem Substance
310264965
ChemSpider
2685
ChEBI
31412
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1897738
Drugs.com
Drugs.com Drug Page
Wikipedia
Clinofibrate

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)143-146U.S. Patent 3,716,583.
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000227 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.75ALOGPS
logP7.21ChemAxon
logS-6.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.4ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area93.06 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count10ChemAxon
Refractivity139.87 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability52.24 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Targets

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Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleyleth...
Gene Name
PPARA
Uniprot ID
Q07869
Uniprot Name
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha
Molecular Weight
52224.595 Da
References
  1. Inoue I, Itoh F, Aoyagi S, Tazawa S, Kusama H, Akahane M, Mastunaga T, Hayashi K, Awata T, Komoda T, Katayama S: Fibrate and statin synergistically increase the transcriptional activities of PPARalpha/RXRalpha and decrease the transactivation of NFkappaB. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 11;290(1):131-9. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE...
Gene Name
PPARG
Uniprot ID
P37231
Uniprot Name
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
Molecular Weight
57619.58 Da
References
  1. Inoue I, Itoh F, Aoyagi S, Tazawa S, Kusama H, Akahane M, Mastunaga T, Hayashi K, Awata T, Komoda T, Katayama S: Fibrate and statin synergistically increase the transcriptional activities of PPARalpha/RXRalpha and decrease the transactivation of NFkappaB. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 11;290(1):131-9. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Has a preference for poly-unsaturated fatty acids, such as gamma-lin...
Gene Name
PPARD
Uniprot ID
Q03181
Uniprot Name
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
Molecular Weight
49902.99 Da
References
  1. Inoue I, Itoh F, Aoyagi S, Tazawa S, Kusama H, Akahane M, Mastunaga T, Hayashi K, Awata T, Komoda T, Katayama S: Fibrate and statin synergistically increase the transcriptional activities of PPARalpha/RXRalpha and decrease the transactivation of NFkappaB. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 11;290(1):131-9. [Article]

Drug created at June 19, 2014 19:51 / Updated at February 21, 2021 18:52