Medical air

Identification

Summary

Medical air is a mixture of gases that is primarily composed of nitrogen and oxygen used for respiratory support in a variety of conditions.

Generic Name
Medical air
DrugBank Accession Number
DB09337
Background

Medical air is supplied by a special air compressor to patient care areas using clean outside air.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Vet approved
Synonyms
  • Air
  • Air medicinal
  • Air, Compressed
  • Air, medicinal
  • Air, synthetic medicinal

Pharmacology

Indication

For use as a source of clean air Label.

Pharmacology
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Associated Conditions
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
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Pharmacodynamics

Acts as a source of clean air to support respiration Label.

Mechanism of action

Air is approximately 21% oxygen which enters the body through the lungs, crossing the alveolar membrane to reach systemic circulation 1. One there it is bound by hemoglobin and transported to tissues thoughout the body where it is used as a terminal electron acceptor in oxidative phosphorylation. This allows efficient generation of adenosine triphosphate, the primary storage molecule for energy, in the mitochondria.

Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Medicalerrors
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Products
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Brand Name Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)Airgas Usa Llc2000-09-202016-06-06US flag
AirGas215 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)Nordan Smith Welding Supply1993-11-18Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)Matheson Tri-Gas, Inc.1987-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)A Ox Welding Supply Company Inc.2015-03-11Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)Metro Welding Supply Corporation2012-03-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)Medical-Technical Gases, Inc.1963-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)ILMO Products Company2009-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas1000 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)AGL Inhalation Therapy Co.1966-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas20.5 L/100LRespiratory (inhalation)Gilmore Liquid Air Company2009-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirGas995 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)West Air Gases & Equipment, Inc.2000-01-01Not applicableUS flag
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
AirGas990 mL/1LRespiratory (inhalation)General Air Service & Supply Co1974-08-01Not applicableUS flag
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Carbon Dioxide 1% W AirMedical air (85 %) + Carbon dioxide (15 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Liquid Carbonic Inc.1990-12-311998-06-09Canada flag
Carbon Dioxide 15.1% W AirMedical air (70 %) + Carbon dioxide (30 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Liquid Carbonic Inc.1990-12-311998-06-09Canada flag
Carbon Dioxide 30.1% W AirMedical air (50 %) + Carbon dioxide (50 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Liquid Carbonic Inc.1990-12-311998-06-09Canada flag
Carbon Dioxide USP, Compressed Air USP M.G.mMedical air (50 %) + Carbon dioxide (50 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Praxair, Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada flag
Carbon Dioxide USP, Compressed Air USP M.G.mMedical air (70 %) + Carbon dioxide (30 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Praxair, Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada flag
Carbon Dioxide, Compressed Air Medical G.mix.Medical air (85 %) + Carbon dioxide (15 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Praxair, Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada flag
Carbon Monoxide, Compressed Air Medical G.M.Medical air (99.7 %) + Carbon monoxide (0.3 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Praxair, Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada flag
Lung Diffusion Test MixtureMedical air (98.6 %) + Acetylene (.5 %) + Carbon dioxide (.4 %) + Neon (.5 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Matheson Gas Products Canada Inc.1961-12-311997-12-24Canada flag
Lung Diffusion Test MixtureMedical air (99.99 %) + Carbon monoxide (.4 %)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Matheson Gas Products Canada Inc.1982-12-311997-12-24Canada flag
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Airgas Usa Llc2000-09-202016-06-06US flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Airgas West, Inc.1947-05-23Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Medical-Technical Gases, Inc.1963-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Andy-Oxy Co., Inc.2007-01-01Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Hartman Brothers, Inc.2010-04-09Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (990 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)General Air Service & Supply Co1974-08-01Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Middlesex Gases And Technologies, Inc.2011-02-01Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (215 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)Nordan Smith Welding Supply1993-11-18Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)A Ox Welding Supply Company Inc.2015-03-11Not applicableUS flag
AirMedical air (1000 mL/1L)GasRespiratory (inhalation)ILMO Products Company2009-01-01Not applicableUS flag

Categories

ATC Codes
V03AN05 — Medical air
Drug Categories
Classification
Not classified
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
K21NZZ5Y0B
CAS number
132259-10-0

References

General References
  1. Barrett KE, Barman SM, Boitano S, Brooks HL (2012). Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology (24th ed.). McGraw Hill. [ISBN:978-0-07-17803-2]
PubChem Substance
347910443
RxNav
411
AHFS Codes
  • 92:92.00 — Other Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
FDA label
Download (106 KB)
MSDS
Download (327 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
4CompletedTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
4CompletedTreatmentPain, Acute1
4RecruitingTreatmentPrader-Willi Syndrome / Sleep Apnea, Central1
3CompletedTreatmentBreech Presentation in Pregnancy1
3RecruitingSupportive CareFoetal distress syndrome / Neonatal Asphyxia1
3TerminatedTreatmentAnaesthesia1
2CompletedSupportive CarePulmonary Fibrosis1
2CompletedTreatmentAsthma1
2CompletedTreatmentNeuralgia1
2, 3TerminatedTreatmentPain, Acute1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
GasRespiratory (inhalation)
GasRespiratory (inhalation)100 L/100L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)1000 mL/1L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)20.5 L/100L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)215 mL/1L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)23 L/100L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)99 L/100L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)990 mL/1L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)995 mL/1L
GasRespiratory (inhalation)99 %
GasRespiratory (inhalation)19.5 % v/v
GasRespiratory (inhalation)
GasRespiratory (inhalation)100 %
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Gas
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)-216.2MSDS
boiling point (°C)-194.3MSDS
water solubility0.0292 v/v at 0 °CMSDS
Predicted Properties
Not Available
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Drug created on November 27, 2015 00:14 / Updated on June 22, 2021 09:25