This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Generic Name
Bardoxolone
DrugBank Accession Number
DB12651
Background

Bardoxolone has been used in trials studying the treatment of LYMPHOMA and Solid Tumors. It is a synthetic triterpenoid and a highly potent activator of redox-sensitive signaling pathways that induce programmed cell death (apoptosis) in cancer cells that are under high levels of intrinsic oxidative stress. In contrast, Bardoxolone in normal cells induces protective antioxidant/anti-inflammatory responses.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 491.672
Monoisotopic: 491.303558804
Chemical Formula
C31H41NO4
Synonyms
  • Bardoxolone
External IDs
  • CDDO
  • RTA 401
  • RTA-401

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

Pharmacology
Reduce drug development failure rates
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action

Bardoxolone, a synthetic triterpenoid, is a highly potent activator of redox-sensitive signaling pathways that induce programmed cell death (apoptosis) in cancer cells that are under high levels of intrinsic oxidative stress. In contrast, Bardoxolone in normal cells induces protective antioxidant/anti-inflammatory responses. Intensive research in animal models of human cancer has demonstrated that Bardoxolone is a potent anticancer agent with a well-characterized ability to inhibit growth and cause regression of tumors as a single agent and in combination with radiation and chemotherapy. Bardoxolone also suppresses radiation- and chemotherapy-induced damage (e.g., oral mucositis) in normal tissues at dose levels that also produce an anti-cancer effect. Bardoxolone induces apoptosis through both caspase-independent and -dependent mechanisms, the latter involving caspase-8 activation, Bid cleavage, cytochrome c release, and caspase-3 activation. Furthermore, JNK, p38, and ERK pathways are involved in Bardoxolone-induced apoptosis of tumor cell lines mediated by disrupted intracellular redox balance and involving decreased glutathione and increased reactive oxygen species. Study shows that Bardoxolone enhances p42 CEBPA protein at the level of translation. 1

TargetActionsOrganism
UCaspase-8Not AvailableHumans
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Categories

Drug Categories
Not Available
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cyclohexenones. These are compounds containing a cylohexenone moiety, which is a six-membered aliphatic ring that carries a ketone and has one endocyclic double bond.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Carbonyl compounds
Direct Parent
Cyclohexenones
Alternative Parents
Nitriles / Monocarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organopnictogen compounds / Organic oxides / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound / Carbonitrile / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid derivative / Cyclohexenone / Hydrocarbon derivative / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Nitrile / Organic nitrogen compound / Organic oxide
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
7HT68L8941
CAS number
218600-44-3
InChI Key
TXGZJQLMVSIZEI-UQMAOPSPSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C31H41NO4/c1-26(2)10-12-31(25(35)36)13-11-30(7)23(19(31)16-26)20(33)14-22-28(5)15-18(17-32)24(34)27(3,4)21(28)8-9-29(22,30)6/h14-15,19,21,23H,8-13,16H2,1-7H3,(H,35,36)/t19-,21-,23-,28-,29+,30+,31-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(4aS,6aR,6bS,8aR,12aS,14aR,14bS)-11-cyano-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-10,14-dioxo-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,6b,7,8,8a,9,10,12a,14,14a,14b-octadecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid
SMILES
CC1(C)CC[C@@]2(CC[C@]3(C)[C@@H]([C@@H]2C1)C(=O)C=C1[C@@]2(C)C=C(C#N)C(=O)C(C)(C)[C@@H]2CC[C@@]31C)C(O)=O

References

General References
  1. Koschmieder S, D'Alo F, Radomska H, Schoneich C, Chang JS, Konopleva M, Kobayashi S, Levantini E, Suh N, Di Ruscio A, Voso MT, Watt JC, Santhanam R, Sargin B, Kantarjian H, Andreeff M, Sporn MB, Perrotti D, Berdel WE, Muller-Tidow C, Serve H, Tenen DG: CDDO induces granulocytic differentiation of myeloid leukemic blasts through translational up-regulation of p42 CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha. Blood. 2007 Nov 15;110(10):3695-705. Epub 2007 Aug 1. [Article]
PubChem Compound
400010
PubChem Substance
347828858
ChemSpider
354529
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1093059
ZINC
ZINC000006019135
Wikipedia
Bardoxolone_methyl

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00401 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.39ALOGPS
logP6.4ChemAxon
logS-5.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-5.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area95.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity139.59 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability56.02 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Targets

Drugtargets2
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Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Ubiquitin protein ligase binding
Specific Function
Most upstream protease of the activation cascade of caspases responsible for the TNFRSF6/FAS mediated and TNFRSF1A induced cell death. Binding to the adapter molecule FADD recruits it to either rec...
Gene Name
CASP8
Uniprot ID
Q14790
Uniprot Name
Caspase-8
Molecular Weight
55390.53 Da

Drug created at October 20, 2016 23:27 / Updated at February 21, 2021 18:53