Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase

Details

Name
Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase
Synonyms
  • 1.14.13.70
  • CYP51
  • CYPLI
  • Cytochrome P450 51A1
  • Cytochrome P450-14DM
  • Cytochrome P45014DM
  • Cytochrome P450LI
  • LDM
  • Sterol 14-alpha demethylase
Gene Name
CYP51A1
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001744|Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase
MLLLGLLQAGGSVLGQAMEKVTGGNLLSMLLIACAFTLSLVYLIRLAAGHLVQLPAGVKS
PPYIFSPIPFLGHAIAFGKSPIEFLENAYEKYGPVFSFTMVGKTFTYLLGSDAAALLFNS
KNEDLNAEDVYSRLTTPVFGKGVAYDVPNPVFLEQKKMLKSGLNIAHFKQHVSIIEKETK
EYFESWGESGEKNVFEALSELIILTASHCLHGKEIRSQLNEKVAQLYADLDGGFSHAAWL
LPGWLPLPSFRRRDRAHREIKDIFYKAIQKRRQSQEKIDDILQTLLDATYKDGRPLTDDE
VAGMLIGLLLAGQHTSSTTSAWMGFFLARDKTLQKKCYLEQKTVCGENLPPLTYDQLKDL
NLLDRCIKETLRLRPPIMIMMRMARTPQTVAGYTIPPGHQVCVSPTVNQRLKDSWVERLD
FNPDRYLQDNPASGEKFAYVPFGAGRHRCIGENFAYVQIKTIWSTMLRLYEFDLIDGYFP
TVNYTTMIHTPENPVIRYKRRSK
Number of residues
503
Molecular Weight
56805.26
Theoretical pI
8.72
GO Classification
Functions
heme binding / iron ion binding / sterol 14-demethylase activity
Processes
cholesterol biosynthetic process / cholesterol biosynthetic process via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol / demethylation / oxidation-reduction process / small molecule metabolic process / steroid biosynthetic process / sterol metabolic process / xenobiotic metabolic process
Components
endoplasmic reticulum / endoplasmic reticulum membrane / integral component of membrane / membrane / plasma membrane
General Function
Sterol 14-demethylase activity
Specific Function
Catalyzes C14-demethylation of lanosterol; it transforms lanosterol into 4,4'-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
24-44
Cellular Location
Endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010617|Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51A1)
ATGGCGGCGGCGGCTGGGATGCTGCTGCTGGGCTTGCTGCAGGCGGGTGGGTCGGTGCTG
GGCCAGGCGATGGAGAAGGTGACAGGCGGCAACCTCTTGTCCATGCTGCTGATCGCCTGC
GCCTTCACCCTCAGCCTGGTCTACCTGATCCGTCTGGCCGCCGGCCACCTGGTCCAGCTG
CCCGCAGGGGTGAAAAGTCCTCCATACATTTTCTCCCCAATTCCATTCCTTGGGCATGCC
ATAGCATTTGGGAAAAGTCCAATTGAATTTCTAGAAAATGCATATGAGAAGTATGGACCT
GTATTTAGTTTTACCATGGTAGGCAAGACATTTACTTACCTTCTGGGGAGTGATGCTGCT
GCACTGCTTTTTAATAGTAAAAATGAAGACCTGAATGCAGAAGATGTCTACAGTCGCCTG
ACAACACCTGTGTTTGGGAAGGGAGTTGCATACGATGTGCCTAATCCAGTTTTCTTGGAG
CAGAAGAAAATGTTAAAAAGTGGCCTTAACATAGCCCACTTTAAACAGCATGTTTCTATA
ATTGAAAAAGAAACAAAGGAATACTTTGAGAGTTGGGGAGAAAGTGGAGAAAAAAATGTG
TTTGAAGCTCTTTCTGAGCTCATAATTTTAACAGCTAGCCATTGTTTGCATGGAAAGGAA
ATCAGAAGTCAACTCAATGAAAAGGTAGCACAGCTGTATGCAGATTTGGATGGAGGTTTC
AGCCATGCAGCCTGGCTCTTACCAGGTTGGCTGCCTTTGCCTAGTTTCAGACGCAGGGAC
AGAGCTCATCGGGAAATCAAGGATATTTTCTATAAGGCAATCCAGAAACGCAGACAGTCT
CAAGAAAAAATTGATGACATTCTCCAAACTTTACTAGATGCTACATACAAGGATGGGCGT
CCTTTGACTGATGATGAAGTAGCAGGGATGCTTATTGGATTACTCTTGGCAGGGCAGCAT
ACATCCTCAACTACTAGTGCTTGGATGGGCTTCTTTTTGGCCAGAGACAAAACACTTCAA
AAAAAATGTTATTTAGAACAGAAAACAGTCTGTGGAGAGAATCTGCCTCCTTTAACTTAT
GACCAGCTCAAGGATCTAAATTTACTTGATCGCTGTATAAAAGAAACATTAAGACTTAGA
CCTCCTATAATGATCATGATGAGAATGGCCAGAACTCCTCAGACTGTGGCAGGGTATACC
ATTCCTCCAGGACATCAGGTGTGTGTTTCTCCCACTGTCAATCAAAGACTTAAAGACTCA
TGGGTAGAACGCCTGGACTTTAATCCTGATCGCTACTTACAGGATAACCCAGCATCAGGG
GAAAAGTTTGCCTATGTGCCATTTGGAGCTGGGCGTCATCGTTGTATTGGGGAAAATTTT
GCCTATGTTCAAATTAAGACAATTTGGTCCACTATGCTTCGTTTATATGAATTTGATCTC
ATTGATGGATACTTTCCCACTGTGAATTATACAACTATGATTCACACCCCTGAAAACCCA
GTTATCCGTTACAAACGAAGATCAAAATGA
Chromosome Location
7
Locus
7q21.2-q21.3
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDQ16850
UniProtKB Entry NameCP51A_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID1698396
GenBank Gene IDU23942
GenAtlas IDCYP51A1
HGNC IDHGNC:2649
General References
  1. Stromstedt M, Rozman D, Waterman MR: The ubiquitously expressed human CYP51 encodes lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase, a cytochrome P450 whose expression is regulated by oxysterols. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 May 1;329(1):73-81. [Article]
  2. Aoyama Y, Noshiro M, Gotoh O, Imaoka S, Funae Y, Kurosawa N, Horiuchi T, Yoshida Y: Sterol 14-demethylase P450 (P45014DM*) is one of the most ancient and conserved P450 species. J Biochem. 1996 May;119(5):926-33. [Article]
  3. Rozman D, Stromstedt M, Waterman MR: The three human cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) genes reside on chromosomes 3, 7, and 13: structure of the two retrotransposed pseudogenes, association with a line-1 element, and evolution of the human CYP51 family. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 Sep 15;333(2):466-74. [Article]
  4. Rozman D, Stromstedt M, Tsui LC, Scherer SW, Waterman MR: Structure and mapping of the human lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase gene (CYP51) encoding the cytochrome P450 involved in cholesterol biosynthesis; comparison of exon/intron organization with other mammalian and fungal CYP genes. Genomics. 1996 Dec 15;38(3):371-81. [Article]
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Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB01007TioconazoleapprovedunknowninhibitorDetails
DB01167Itraconazoleapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB05667Levoketoconazoleapproved, investigationalunknownDetails
DB07705(S)-econazoleexperimentalunknownDetails
DB01110Miconazoleapproved, investigational, vet_approvedunknowninhibitorDetails
DB05667Levoketoconazoleapproved, investigationalunknowninhibitorDetails