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Substances found in many plants, containing the 4-hydroxycoumarin radical. They interfere with vitamin K and the blood clotting mechanism, are tightly protein-bound, inhibit mitochondrial and microsomal enzymes, and are used as oral anticoagulants.
Drug Drug Description Dicoumarol For decreasing blood clotting. Often used along with heparin for treatment of deep vein thrombosis. Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Phenprocoumon Used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disease including venous thrombosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism as well as for the prevention of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation... Acenocoumarol An anticoagulant drug used in the prevention of thromboembolic diseases in infarction and transient ischemic attacks, as well as management of deep vein thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Ethyl biscoumacetate Ethyl biscoumacetate is a courmarin that is used as an anticoagulant. It has actions similar to those of Warfarin. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p226)
- Drugs & Drug Targets