Characterization of the human beta4 nAChR gene and polymorphisms in CHRNA3 and CHRNB4.

Article Details


Lev-Lehman E, Bercovich D, Xu W, Stockton DW, Beaudet AL

Characterization of the human beta4 nAChR gene and polymorphisms in CHRNA3 and CHRNB4.

J Hum Genet. 2001;46(7):362-6.

PubMed ID
11450844 [ View in PubMed

Most neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are heteropentamers, composed of alpha and beta subunits. Mice lacking the alpha3 subunit and mice lacking both the beta2 and beta4 subunits, but not mice lacking the beta2 or beta4 subunits alone, have a severe phenotype characterized by megacystis, failure of bladder strips to contract in response to nicotine, widely dilated ocular pupils, growth failure, and perinatal mortality. The deficit in bladder contraction was also found in mice lacking only the beta4 subunit, although they did not develop megacystis. The major bladder phenotype resembles the human autosomal recessive disorder of megacystis-microcolon-hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS). Based on the similarity of the mouse and human phenotypes, we initiated mutation analyses in the alpha3 and beta4 genes in MMIHS families. The human gene encoding the beta4 subunit was fully characterized, including refinement of its mapping. Analysis of disease families and controls identified numerous genetic variants, including high-frequency polymorphisms in both CHRNA3 and CHRNB4. Although no loss-of-function mutations have been identified to date, these genes remain strong candidates for involvement in MMIHS, because various mutations might be obscured within the complex cluster of genes. Some of the markers presented here are valuable tools for analysis of the role of genetic variation in responses to nicotine and for characterization of various dysautonomic abnormalities.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-4P30926Details
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-3P32297Details