Oxazolones: new tyrosinase inhibitors; synthesis and their structure-activity relationships.

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Khan KM, Mughal UR, Khan MT, Zia-Ullah, Perveen S, Choudhary MI

Oxazolones: new tyrosinase inhibitors; synthesis and their structure-activity relationships.

Bioorg Med Chem. 2006 Sep 1;14(17):6027-33. Epub 2006 Jun 5.

PubMed ID
16750372 [ View in PubMed

The tyrosinase inhibitory potential of seventeen synthesized oxazolone derivatives has been evaluated and their structure-activity relationships developed in the present work. All the synthesized derivatives, 3-19, demonstrated excellent in vitro tyrosinase inhibitory properties having IC50 values in the range of 1.23+/-0.37-17.73+/-2.69 microM, whereas standard inhibitors l-mimosine and kojic acid have IC50 values 3.68+/-0.02 and 16.67+/-0.52 microM,, respectively. Compounds 4-8 having IC50 values 3.11+/-0.95, 3.51+/-0.25, 3.23+/-0.66, 1.23 +/- 0.37, and 2.15+/-0.75, respectively, were found to be very active members of the series, even better than both the standard inhibitors. However, compounds 3, 9-11, 13, 14, 16, 17, and 19 were found to be better than kojic acid but not l-mimosine. (2-Methyl-4-[E,2Z)-3-phenyl-2-propenyliden]-1,3-oxazol-5(4H)-one (7) bearing a cinnamyol residue at C-4 of oxazolone moiety and an IC50 = 1.23+/-0.37 microM was found to be the most active one among all tested compounds. These studies reveal that the substitution of functional group (s) at C-4 and C-2 positions plays a vital role in the activity of this series of compounds. It is concluded that compound 7 may act as a potential lead molecule to develop new drugs for the treatment of tyrosinase based disorders.

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