Pharmacokinetics of tafamidis, a transthyretin amyloidosis drug, in rats.

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Lee KR, Jeong JW, Hyun HC, Jang E, Ahn S, Choi S, Joo SH, Kim S, Koo TS

Pharmacokinetics of tafamidis, a transthyretin amyloidosis drug, in rats.

Xenobiotica. 2018 Aug;48(8):831-838. doi: 10.1080/00498254.2017.1366575. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

PubMed ID
28803538 [ View in PubMed

1. We characterized the pharmacokinetics of tafamidis, a novel drug to treat transthyretin-related amyloidosis, in rats after intravenous and oral administration at doses of 0.3-3 mg/kg. In vitro Caco-2 cell permeability and liver microsomal stability, as well as in vivo tissue distribution and plasma protein binding were also examined. 2. After intravenous injection, systemic clearance (CL), volumes of distribution at steady state (Vss) and half-life (T(1/2)) remained unaltered as a function of dose, with values in the ranges of 6.41-7.03 mL/h/kg, 270-354 mL/kg and 39.5-46.9 h, respectively. Following oral administration, absolute bioavailability was 99.7-104% and was independent of doses from 0.3 to 3 mg/kg. In the urine and faeces, 4.36% and 48.9% of tafamidis, respectively, were recovered. 3. Tafamidis was distributed primarily in the liver and not in the brain, kidney, testis, heart, spleen, lung, gut, muscle, or adipose tissue. Further, tafamidis was very stable in rat liver microsomes, and its plasma protein binding was 99.9%. 4. In conclusion, tafamidis showed dose-independent pharmacokinetics with intravenous and oral doses of 0.3-3 mg/kg. Tafamidis undergoes minimal first-pass metabolism, distributes mostly in the liver and plasma, and appears to be eliminated primarily via biliary excretion.

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