Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacology of Monoclonal Antibodies in Pediatric Patients.

Article Details


Temrikar ZH, Suryawanshi S, Meibohm B

Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacology of Monoclonal Antibodies in Pediatric Patients.

Paediatr Drugs. 2020 Apr;22(2):199-216. doi: 10.1007/s40272-020-00382-7.

PubMed ID
32052309 [ View in PubMed

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and their derivatives are increasingly used in pediatric pharmacotherapy, and the number of antibody-based drug products with approved pediatric indications is continuously growing. In most instances, pediatric use is being pursued after the efficacy and safety of novel antibody medications have been established in adult indications. The pediatric extrapolation exercise that is frequently used in this context to bridge efficacy and safety from adults to children is oftentimes challenged through uncertainties and knowledge gaps in how to reliably extrapolate pharmacokinetics and clinical pharmacology of mAbs to different pediatric age groups, and how to derive age-appropriate dosing regimens that strike a balance between precision dosing and practicability. The article highlights some of the pharmacokinetic and clinical pharmacology challenges with regard to therapeutic use of mAbs and antibody derivatives in children, including immunogenicity events. Although considering body size-based differences in drug disposition can account for many of the perceived and actual differences in the distribution and elimination of antibody-based therapeutics between children and adults, increasing evidence suggests potential or actual age-associated differences beyond size differences, especially for young pediatric patients such as newborns and infants. To overcome age-associated differences in antibody disposition, various different dosing approaches have been applied to ensure safe and efficacious antibody exposure for pediatric populations of different ages. The development of such dosing regimens and the associated pathway to pediatric indication approval is illustrated in more detail for two antibody-based biologics, the fusion protein abatacept and the mAb tocilizumab.

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