The novel mechanism of lenalidomide activity.

Article Details


Fink EC, Ebert BL

The novel mechanism of lenalidomide activity.

Blood. 2015 Nov 19;126(21):2366-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2015-07-567958. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

PubMed ID
26438514 [ View in PubMed

Lenalidomide acts by a novel drug mechanism-modulation of the substrate specificity of the CRL4(CRBN) E3 ubiquitin ligase. In multiple myeloma, lenalidomide induces the ubiquitination of IKZF1 and IKZF3 by CRL4(CRBN). Subsequent proteasomal degradation of these transcription factors kills multiple myeloma cells. In del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome, lenalidomide induces the degradation of CK1alpha, which preferentially affects del(5q) cells because they express this gene at haploinsufficient levels. In the future, modulation of ubiquitin ligase function may enable us to target previously "undruggable" proteins.

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