Endothelial function and menopause: effects of raloxifene administration.

Article Details


Colacurci N, Manzella D, Fornaro F, Carbonella M, Paolisso G

Endothelial function and menopause: effects of raloxifene administration.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 May;88(5):2135-40.

PubMed ID
12727966 [ View in PubMed

Postmenopausal women have more severe endothelial dysfunction than premenopausal women. In the present study, we evaluated the possible beneficial effect of raloxifene administration, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, on endothelial regulation in postmenopausal women. In a double-blind, randomized vs. placebo trial, 60 healthy postmenopausal women were treated with raloxifene (60 mg/d) or placebo for 4 months to evaluate the effect of raloxifene treatment on endothelial function. Furthermore, in raloxifene-treated subjects (n = 30), the effect of raloxifene was also assessed during the intraarterial infusion of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (4 micromol/min). Raloxifene administration vs. placebo was associated with a decrease in plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.01), triglyceride (P < 0.05), thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (P < 0.01), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (P < 0.05), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (P < 0.001), and E-selectin (P < 0.001) levels and with an increase in plasma Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (P < 0.001) levels. Indeed, raloxifene treatment was also associated with a significant improvement in endothelial-dependent vasodilatation assessed by brachial reactivity technique. Raloxifene administration had no impact on endothelial-independent vasodilatation. Furthermore, intraarterial infusion of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine inhibited the significant effect of raloxifene on endothelium-mediated brachial arterial diameter and flow. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that raloxifene administration is associated with a positive modulation of endothelial-dependent vasodilatation likely due to a reduction of risk factors for endothelial damage.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

DrugDrug GroupsMetaboliteChangeDescription
RaloxifeneApproved InvestigationalTriglycerides
Raloxifene decreases the level of Triglycerides in the blood
RaloxifeneApproved InvestigationalLDL cholesterol
Raloxifene decreases the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood