Human platelets and megakaryocytes contain alternately spliced glycoprotein IIb mRNAs.

Article Details


Bray PF, Leung CS, Shuman MA

Human platelets and megakaryocytes contain alternately spliced glycoprotein IIb mRNAs.

J Biol Chem. 1990 Jun 15;265(17):9587-90.

PubMed ID
2351656 [ View in PubMed

The earliest marker of the megakaryocyte lineage in human bone marrow is a heterodimeric complex of glycoproteins IIb (GPIIb) and IIIa (GPIIIa). GPIIb-IIIa is a member of the integrin family and serves as a receptor for fibrinogen and other adhesive glycoproteins on the surface of activated blood platelets. Mature platelet GPIIb is processed from a single precursor peptide into a disulfide-linked GPIIb alpha and GPIIb beta chain. To study possible mechanisms which could determine ligand specificity of the GPIIb-IIIa complex we investigated whether there are multiple forms of GPIIb mRNA by screening an unamplified lambda gt10 human erythroleukemia cell cDNA library. Four GPIIb clones were isolated and sequenced. Two contained a 102-nucleotide in-frame deletion corresponding to 34 amino acids in the extracellular domain of GPIIb beta. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of human erythroleukemia cell cDNA confirmed the presence of two different transcripts. Normal genomic DNA sequence was shown to contain consensus splice-donor and splice-acceptor sites indicating a 102-base pair exon that is spliced in or out. Using primers specific for either transcript, both forms of GPIIb mRNA were identified by the polymerase chain reaction in normal human platelets and megakaryocytes, but not in reticulocytes or two white blood cell lines. These data provide evidence for two forms of GPIIb in platelets and megakaryocytes and suggest a mechanism for variations in receptor ligand affinity or localization.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Integrin alpha-IIbP08514Details