Recombinant human activated protein C, drotrecogin alfa (activated): a novel therapy for severe sepsis.

Article Details

Citation

Kanji S, Devlin JW, Piekos KA, Racine E

Recombinant human activated protein C, drotrecogin alfa (activated): a novel therapy for severe sepsis.

Pharmacotherapy. 2001 Nov;21(11):1389-402.

PubMed ID
11714212 [ View in PubMed
]
Abstract

Sepsis remains a major cause of death in hospitalized patients. Despite a massive research effort over the past 2 decades to identify innovative therapies for sepsis, current treatment strategies consist primarily of antiinfective agents and a variety of supportive measures. Activated protein C, an endogenous protein that inhibits thrombosis and inflammation while promoting fibrinolysis, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Recombinant human activated protein C, drotrecogin alfa (activated), when compared with placebo in a randomized, double-blind study of 1690 patients with severe sepsis (Recombinant Human Activated Protein C Worldwide Evaluation in Severe Sepsis [PROWESS] trial), decreased the relative risk of death at 28 days by 19.4% (95% confidence interval 6.6-30.5%, p=0.005), although there was a trend for more serious bleeding (3.5% vs 2.0%, p=0.06) with its use. Drotrecogin alfa is the first antisepsis drug found to have a mortality benefit. It should be administered only to patients with severe sepsis who meet the PROWESS study inclusion criteria and should be avoided when risk factors for bleeding are present. Ongoing research will help determine the cost-effectiveness of drotrecogin alfa, as well as its role in critically ill populations not studied in the PROWESS trial.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Targets
DrugTargetKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
Drotrecogin alfaCoagulation factor VProteinHumans
Yes
Multitarget
Details