The complete sequence and structural analysis of human apolipoprotein B-100: relationship between apoB-100 and apoB-48 forms.

Article Details


Cladaras C, Hadzopoulou-Cladaras M, Nolte RT, Atkinson D, Zannis VI

The complete sequence and structural analysis of human apolipoprotein B-100: relationship between apoB-100 and apoB-48 forms.

EMBO J. 1986 Dec 20;5(13):3495-507.

PubMed ID
3030729 [ View in PubMed

We have isolated and sequenced overlapping cDNA clones covering the entire sequence of human apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100). DNA sequence analysis and determination of the mRNA transcription initiation site by S1 nuclease mapping showed that the apoB mRNA consists of 14,112 nucleotides including the 5' and 3' untranslated regions which are 128 and 301 nucleotides respectively. The DNA-derived protein sequence shows that apoB-100 is 513,000 daltons and contains 4560 amino acids including a 24-amino-acid-long signal peptide. The mol. wt of apoB-100 implies that there is one apoB molecule per LDL particle. Computer analysis of the predicted secondary structure of the protein showed that some of the potential alpha helical and beta sheet structures are amphipathic, whereas others have non-amphipathic neutral to apolar character. These latter regions may contribute to the formation of the lipid-binding domains of apoB-100. The protein contains 25 cysteines and 20 potential N-glycosylation sites. The majority of cysteines are distributed in the amino terminal portion of the protein. Four of the potential glycosylation sites are in predicted beta turn structures and may represent true glycosylation positions. ApoB lacks the tandem repeats which are characteristic of other apolipoproteins. The mean hydrophobicity the mean value of H1 and helical hydrophobic moment the mean value of microH profiles of apoB showed the presence of several potential helical regions with strong polar character and high hydrophobic moment. The region with the highest hydrophobic moment, between amino acid residues 3352 and 3369, contains five closely spaced, positively charged residues, and has sequence homology to the LDL receptor binding site of apoE. This region is flanked by three neighbouring regions with positively charged amino acids and high hydrophobic moment that are located between residues 3174 and 3681. One or more of these closely spaced apoB sequences may be involved in the formation of the LDL receptor-binding domain of apoB-100. Blotting analysis of intestinal RNA and hybridization of the blots with carboxy apoB cDNA probes produced a single 15-kb hybridization band whereas hybridization with amino terminal probes produced two hybridization bands of 15 and 8 kb. Our data indicate that both forms of apoB mRNA contain common sequences which extend from the amino terminal of apoB-100 to the vicinity of nucleotide residue 6300. These two messages may have resulted from differential splicing of the same primary apoB mRNA transcript.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Apolipoprotein B-100P04114Details