Hypobetalipoproteinemia due to an apolipoprotein B gene exon 21 deletion derived by Alu-Alu recombination.

Article Details


Huang LS, Ripps ME, Korman SH, Deckelbaum RJ, Breslow JL

Hypobetalipoproteinemia due to an apolipoprotein B gene exon 21 deletion derived by Alu-Alu recombination.

J Biol Chem. 1989 Jul 5;264(19):11394-400.

PubMed ID
2567736 [ View in PubMed

We report the molecular defect in an individual with homozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia. A unique TaqI restriction fragment length polymorphism was found in the midportion of the apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene using the genomic probe, pB51. The probe, which identifies TaqI fragments of 8.4 and 2.8 kilobases (kb) in normal individuals, hybridized to a single 11-kb fragment in the proband. The parents of the proband showed all three TaqI fragments, implying that they are heterozygotes for the mutant apoB allele. In this family, the mutant allele cosegregated with low total cholesterol levels and formal linkage analysis gave a decimal logarithm of the ratio score of 3.3 at a recombination frequency of 0. The polymorphic TaqI site was localized to an EcoRI fragment of 4 kb in normal individuals. The corresponding fragment in the proband was 3.4 kb, suggesting a 0.6-kb deletion in the mutant allele. Both the normal 4-kb EcoRI fragment and the mutant 3.4-kb EcoRI fragment were cloned and sequenced. In the normal allele, the 4-kb EcoRI fragment extends from intron 20 to 23. Exon 21 is flanked by Alu sequences that are in the same orientation. The mutant allele had a 694-bp deletion in this region which included a small part of the Alu sequence in intron 20, the entire exon 21, and most of the Alu sequence in intron 21. The polymorphic TaqI site, which lies within the Alu sequence in intron 21, was absent in the proband as a result of the deletion. The deletion of exon 21 results in a frame shift mutation and the introduction of a stop codon. Translation of the encoded mRNA would yield a prematurely terminated protein. This mutant apoB protein would be 1085 amino acids long with the 73 carboxyl-terminal residues out of frame. We postulate that the deletion of exon 21 is the consequence of a crossover event between the Alu sequences in introns 20 and 21 resulting in nonreciprocal exchange between two chromosomes.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Apolipoprotein B-100P04114Details