Name
Serpins
Accession Number
DBCAT000154
Description

A family of serine proteinase inhibitors which are similar in amino acid sequence and mechanism of inhibition, but differ in their specificity toward proteolytic enzymes. This family includes alpha 1-antitrypsin, angiotensinogen, ovalbumin, antiplasmin, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, thyroxine-binding protein, complement 1 inactivators, antithrombin III, heparin cofactor II, plasminogen inactivators, gene Y protein, placental plasminogen activator inhibitor, and barley Z protein. Some members of the serpin family may be substrates rather than inhibitors of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES, and some serpins occur in plants where their function is not known.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
LepirudinA protein-based direct thrombin inhibitor used to reverse and prevent thrombus formation in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
Alpha-1-proteinase inhibitorA purified form of human alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor used to treat emphysema patients with associated alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor deficiency.
Human C1-esterase inhibitorA C1 inhibitor used to prevent angioedema attacks associated with hereditary angioedema.
DesirudinIndicated as prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis for patients undergoing hip replacement surgery.
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
LepirudinProthrombintarget
Alpha-1-proteinase inhibitorNeutrophil elastasetarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorComplement C1r subcomponenttarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorComplement C1s subcomponenttarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorPlasma kallikreintarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorCoagulation factor XIItarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorProthrombintarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorCoagulation factor XItarget
Human C1-esterase inhibitorTissue-type plasminogen activatortarget
DesirudinCarboxypeptidase A1enzyme