This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Generic Name
Apricitabine
DrugBank Accession Number
DB12855
Background

Apricitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Structure
Weight
Average: 229.25
Monoisotopic: 229.0521124
Chemical Formula
C8H11N3O3S
Synonyms
  • Apricitabine
External IDs
  • AVX 754
  • AVX-754
  • AVX754
  • BCH 10618
  • SPD 754

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

Reduce drug development failure rates
Build, train, & validate machine-learning models
with evidence-based and structured datasets.
See how
Build, train, & validate predictive machine-learning models with structured datasets.
See how
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
Improve clinical decision support with information on contraindications & blackbox warnings, population restrictions, harmful risks, & more.
Learn more
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events & improve clinical decision support.
Learn more
Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action

Apricitabine is a type of medicine called a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). NRTIs work by blocking reverse transcriptase, a protein that HIV needs to make more copies of itself.

TargetActionsOrganism
UReverse transcriptase/RNaseH
inhibitor
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Improve decision support & research outcomes
With structured adverse effects data, including: blackbox warnings, adverse reactions, warning & precautions, & incidence rates.
Learn more
Improve decision support & research outcomes with our structured adverse effects data.
Learn more
Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Categories

Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidones. These are compounds that contain a pyrimidine ring, which bears a ketone. Pyrimidine is a 6-membered ring consisting of four carbon atoms and two nitrogen centers at the 1- and 3- ring positions.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Diazines
Sub Class
Pyrimidines and pyrimidine derivatives
Direct Parent
Pyrimidones
Alternative Parents
Aminopyrimidines and derivatives / Imidolactams / Hydropyrimidines / Oxathiolanes / Monothioacetals / Heteroaromatic compounds / Oxacyclic compounds / Azacyclic compounds / Primary amines / Primary alcohols
show 3 more
Substituents
Alcohol / Amine / Aminopyrimidine / Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound / Azacycle / Heteroaromatic compound / Hydrocarbon derivative / Hydropyrimidine / Imidolactam / Monothioacetal
show 11 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
K1YX059ML1
CAS number
160707-69-7
InChI Key
RYMCFYKJDVMSIR-RNFRBKRXSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C8H11N3O3S/c9-5-1-2-11(8(13)10-5)6-4-14-7(3-12)15-6/h1-2,6-7,12H,3-4H2,(H2,9,10,13)/t6-,7-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
4-amino-1-[(2R,4R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-4-yl]-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-2-one
SMILES
NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@H]1CO[C@@H](CO)S1

References

General References
Not Available
PubChem Compound
455041
PubChem Substance
347829014
ChemSpider
400685
ChEMBL
CHEMBL210651
ZINC
ZINC000003779991
Wikipedia
Apricitabine

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
3WithdrawnTreatmentHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
2CompletedTreatmentHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections2
2, 3TerminatedTreatmentHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
1CompletedNot AvailableHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections2

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.41 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-0.99Chemaxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.28Chemaxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.72Chemaxon
Physiological Charge0Chemaxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5Chemaxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2Chemaxon
Polar Surface Area88.15 Å2Chemaxon
Rotatable Bond Count2Chemaxon
Refractivity55.09 m3·mol-1Chemaxon
Polarizability21.69 Å3Chemaxon
Number of Rings2Chemaxon
Bioavailability1Chemaxon
Rule of FiveYesChemaxon
Ghose FilterNoChemaxon
Veber's RuleNoChemaxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemaxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Targets

Build, predict & validate machine-learning models
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new
insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Rna-dna hybrid ribonuclease activity
Specific Function
Not Available
Gene Name
pol
Uniprot ID
Q72547
Uniprot Name
Reverse transcriptase/RNaseH
Molecular Weight
65223.615 Da
References
  1. Gaffney MM, Belliveau PP, Spooner LM: Apricitabine: a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor for HIV infection. Ann Pharmacother. 2009 Oct;43(10):1676-83. doi: 10.1345/aph.1M160. Epub 2009 Sep 8. [Article]

Drug created at October 21, 2016 00:45 / Updated at February 21, 2021 18:54