Tacrolimus hydrateProduct ingredient for Tacrolimus

Name
Tacrolimus hydrate
Drug Entry
Tacrolimus

Tacrolimus (also FK-506 or Fujimycin) is an immunosuppressive drug whose main use is after organ transplant to reduce the activity of the patient's immune system and so the risk of organ rejection. It is also used in a topical preparation in the treatment of severe atopic dermatitis, severe refractory uveitis after bone marrow transplants, and the skin condition vitiligo. It was discovered in 1984 from the fermentation broth of a Japanese soil sample that contained the bacteria Streptomyces tsukubaensis. Tacrolimus is chemically known as a macrolide. It reduces peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity by binding to the immunophilin FKBP-12 (FK506 binding protein) creating a new complex. This FKBP12-FK506 complex inhibits calcineurin which inhibits T-lymphocyte signal transduction and IL-2 transcription.

Accession Number
DBSALT000167
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Tacrolimus / Tacrolimus monohydrate
UNII
WM0HAQ4WNM
CAS Number
109581-93-3
Weight
Average: 822.0334
Monoisotopic: 821.492541363
Chemical Formula
C44H71NO13
InChI Key
NWJQLQGQZSIBAF-MSLXHMNKSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C44H69NO12.H2O/c1-10-13-31-19-25(2)18-26(3)20-37(54-8)40-38(55-9)22-28(5)44(52,57-40)41(49)42(50)45-17-12-11-14-32(45)43(51)56-39(29(6)34(47)24-35(31)48)27(4)21-30-15-16-33(46)36(23-30)53-7;/h10,19,21,26,28-34,36-40,46-47,52H,1,11-18,20,22-24H2,2-9H3;1H2/b25-19-,27-21+;/t26-,28+,29+,30-,31+,32-,33+,34-,36+,37-,38-,39+,40+,44+;/m0./s1
IUPAC Name
(1R,9S,12S,13R,14S,17R,18E,21S,23S,24R,25S,27R)-1,14-dihydroxy-12-[(1E)-1-[(1R,3R,4R)-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycyclohexyl]prop-1-en-2-yl]-23,25-dimethoxy-13,19,21,27-tetramethyl-17-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-11,28-dioxa-4-azatricyclo[22.3.1.0⁴,⁹]octacos-18-ene-2,3,10,16-tetrone hydrate
SMILES
O.[H]\C(=C(\C)[C@@]1([H])OC(=O)[C@]2([H])CCCCN2C(=O)C(=O)[C@]2(O)O[C@@]([H])([C@]([H])(C[C@@]2([H])C)OC)[C@]([H])(C[C@@]([H])(C)C\C(C)=C([H])\[C@@]([H])(CC=C)C(=O)C[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]1([H])C)OC)[C@]1([H])CC[C@@]([H])(O)[C@@]([H])(C1)OC
PubChem Compound
5282315
ChemSpider
20118181
ChEBI
61057
ChEMBL
CHEMBL4303277
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00402 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.19ALOGPS
logP5.59ChemAxon
logS-5.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area178.36 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity215.62 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability87.48 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon