HIV protease inhibitors are inhibitors but not substrates of the human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2).

Article Details

Citation

Gupta A, Zhang Y, Unadkat JD, Mao Q

HIV protease inhibitors are inhibitors but not substrates of the human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2).

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Jul;310(1):334-41. Epub 2004 Mar 8.

PubMed ID
15007102 [ View in PubMed
]
Abstract

Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is a recently discovered ATP-binding cassette drug transporter. Hence, the full spectrum of therapeutic agents that interact with BCRP remains to be elucidated. Because human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors (HPIs) are well known P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates, and there is an overlap in substrate specificity between P-gp and BCRP, this study was performed to investigate whether HPIs are substrates and/or inhibitors of BCRP. First, the effect of HPIs on BCRP efflux activity in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably expressing wild-type BCRP (482R) and its two mutants (482T and 482G) was studied by measuring intracellular mitoxantrone fluorescence using flow cytometry. We found that ritonavir, saquinavir, and nelfinavir were effective inhibitors of wild-type BCRP (482R) with IC50 values of 19.5 +/- 0.8 microM, 19.5 +/- 7.6 microM, and 12.5 +/- 4.1 microM, respectively. Ritonavir, saquinavir, and nelfinavir inhibited 482T and 482G with IC50 values that were approximately 2 times greater than that for 482R. Indinavir and amprenavir had no significant inhibition on BCRP activity. Direct efflux of radiolabeled HPIs in HEK cells was measured to determine whether the HPIs are substrates of BCRP. None of the HPIs were found to be transported by BCRP. Together, ritonavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, and amprenavir are not substrates for BCRP. However, ritonavir, saquinavir, and nelfinavir are effective inhibitors of the transporter. These results suggest that BCRP may play an important role in drug-drug interactions involving coadministration of the HPIs with drugs that are substrates of the transporter.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Transporters
DrugTransporterKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
NelfinavirATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
RitonavirATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
SaquinavirATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
Binding Properties
DrugTargetPropertyMeasurementpHTemperature (°C)
RitonavirATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2IC 50 (nM)19500N/AN/ADetails
SaquinavirATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2IC 50 (nM)19500N/AN/ADetails