Human organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (SLC21A6) is a major determinant of rifampin-mediated pregnane X receptor activation.

Article Details

Citation

Tirona RG, Leake BF, Wolkoff AW, Kim RB

Human organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (SLC21A6) is a major determinant of rifampin-mediated pregnane X receptor activation.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jan;304(1):223-8.

PubMed ID
12490595 [ View in PubMed
]
Abstract

Rifampin, a member of the rifamycin class of antibiotics, is well known for its ability to induce drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters, through activation of the pregnane X receptor. Available data suggest rifampin entry into hepatocytes may be transporter-mediated. Accordingly, it is therefore plausible that modulation of the achievable intracellular concentration of rifampin by drug uptake transporters would influence the degree of induction. In this study, we expressed an array of known hepatic uptake transporters to show the key hepatic rifampin uptake transporters are liver-specific members of the organic anion transporting polypeptide family (OATP). Indeed, both OATP-C and OATP8 seemed capable of mediating rifampin uptake into HeLa cells. OATP-C, however, seemed to have far greater affinity and capacity for rifampin transport. In addition, several allelic variants of OATP-C known to be present among European and African Americans were found to have markedly decreased rifampin transport activity. In cell-based, transactivation assays, OATP-C expression was associated with increased cellular rifampin retention as well as potentiation of PXR reporter gene activity. This is the first demonstration of an uptake transporter such as OATP-C, in modulating PXR function, and sheds important new insight into our understanding of the molecular determinants of PXR-mediated inductive processes.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Transporters
DrugTransporterKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
HyperforinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
IndinavirSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
NelfinavirSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
RifampicinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
RitonavirSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details
SaquinavirSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1ProteinHumans
Unknown
Inhibitor
Details