Cloning of a gene expressed in human breast cancer and regulated by estrogen in MCF-7 cells.

Article Details


Prud'homme JF, Fridlansky F, Le Cunff M, Atger M, Mercier-Bodart C, Pichon MF, Milgrom E

Cloning of a gene expressed in human breast cancer and regulated by estrogen in MCF-7 cells.

DNA. 1985 Feb;4(1):11-21.

PubMed ID
3838275 [ View in PubMed

Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were prepared from MCF-7 breast cancer cells grown in the presence of estradiol. Complementary DNAs (cDNAs) were inserted into pBR322 plasmid and a library of 4400 recombinant bacterial clones was prepared. The clones were screened by in situ differential hybridization with cDNAs prepared from RNAs of MCF-7 cells grown either in the presence or absence of estradiol. Several estrogen-induced or estrogen-repressed clones were identified. One of them corresponded to a relatively frequent mRNA (0.8% of recombinant plasmids) of 650 nucleotides. The concentration of this mRNA was increased by estradiol (half maximal induction approximately 0.05 nM) but not by progesterone, dexamethasone, or dihydrotestosterone. Tamoxifen inhibited the effect of estradiol but was devoid of any agonistic activity when administered separately. This messenger was present in biopsies of breast cancer, but not in endometrium or liver. The cloned cDNA was sequenced. An open reading frame was found corresponding to a protein of less than 100 amino acids. A search of data banks showed no identity or marked similarity to previously published DNA or protein sequences, particularly to those of growth factors evoked by some characteristics of the coded polypeptide. The cloned cDNA probe was used to screen a library of Charon 4A phage containing human genomic fragments. Screening of 300,000 phages yielded two different recombinants hybridizing to the cDNA. Southern blot experiments using DNA from recombinant phage, MCF-7 cells, and placenta showed the presence of a unique gene exhibiting a similar restriction pattern in DNAs from malignant and nonmalignant tissues.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Trefoil factor 1P04155Details