Safety and rational use of the triptans.

Article Details


Tepper SJ

Safety and rational use of the triptans.

Med Clin North Am. 2001 Jul;85(4):959-70.

PubMed ID
11480267 [ View in PubMed

The safety of the triptans has been established, with more than 8 million patients treating greater than 340 million attacks with sumatriptan alone. All triptans narrow coronary arteries by 10% to 20% at clinical doses and should not be administered to patients with coronary or cerebrovascular disease. Some triptans have the potential for significant drug-drug interactions (sumatriptan, rizatriptan, and zomitriptan and monoamine oxidase inhibitors; rizatriptan and propanolol; zolmitriptan and cimetidine; and eletriptan and CYP3A4 metabolized medications and p-glycoprotein pump inhibitors). Rational use of triptans should be governed by the use of these medications for patients with disability associated with migraine. Patients with greater than 10 days of at least 50% disability during 3 months have benefited from treating with triptans as their first-line treatment for acute attacks. When the decision has been made to treat with a triptan, the patient should be instructed to treat early in the attack, when the pain is at a mild phase. This approach increases the likelihood of achieving a pain-free response, with fewer adverse events and lower likelihood of the headache recurring.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Transporters
DrugTransporterKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
EletriptanP-glycoprotein 1ProteinHumans