Nitroparacetamol exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activity.

Article Details


al-Swayeh OA, Futter LE, Clifford RH, Moore PK

Nitroparacetamol exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activity.

Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Aug;130(7):1453-6.

PubMed ID
10928944 [ View in PubMed

Nitroparacetamol (NCX-701) is a newly synthesized nitric oxide-releasing derivative of paracetamol. Following i.p. administration, nitroparacetamol inhibits carrageenan-induced hindpaw oedema formation (ED(50), 169.4 micromol kg(-1)) and mechanical hyperalgesia (ED(50), 156 micromol kg(-1)) in the rat. In contrast, the parent compound, paracetamol, exhibits no significant anti-oedema activity in this model (ED(50)>1986 micromol kg(-1), i.p. ) and is markedly less potent than nitroparacetamol as an inhibitor of carrageenan-mediated hyperalgesia (ED(50), 411.6 micromol kg(-1), i.p.). In a second model of nociception (inhibition of acetic acid induced abdominal constrictions in the mouse), nitroparacetamol administered orally (ED(50), 24.8 micromol kg(-1)), was again considerably more potent than paracetamol (ED(50), 506 micromol kg(-1), p.o.). Thus, compared with paracetamol, nitroparacetamol not only exhibits augmented antinociceptive activity in both rat and mouse but, intriguingly, is also anti-inflammatory over a similar dose range.

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