Human methionine synthase. cDNA cloning, gene localization, and expression.

Article Details


Chen LH, Liu ML, Hwang HY, Chen LS, Korenberg J, Shane B

Human methionine synthase. cDNA cloning, gene localization, and expression.

J Biol Chem. 1997 Feb 7;272(6):3628-34.

PubMed ID
9013615 [ View in PubMed

Human cDNAs for methionine synthase (5-methyltetrahydrofolate:L-homocysteine S-transmethylase; EC 2.1.1. 13) have been isolated from fetal and adult liver and HepG2 libraries. The cDNAs span 7.2 kilobases (kb) and consist of a 394-base pair upstream untranslated region, a 3795-base pair open reading frame encoding a 1265-residue 140.3-kDa protein, and about 3 kb of 3' region. The deduced protein sequence shares 53 and 63% identity with the Escherichia coli and the presumptive Caenorhabditis elegans proteins, respectively, and contains all residues implicated in B12 binding to the E. coli protein. Several potential polymorphisms and a cryptic splice deletion were detected in the coding region of the cDNAs. A polymorphism that results in a D919G modification in the protein is fairly common in human DNA samples. Northern analyses of poly(A) mRNA indicated two major species of about 8 and 10 kb in human tissues and some minor, partially spliced species. mRNA levels were highest in the pancreas, skeletal muscle, and heart of the adult and in the kidney in the fetus and were low in adult liver. Genomic clones were isolated and the 5' region was analyzed. Exon 1 is preceded by a number of potential promoter sites, including an E box, CAAT boxes, and a GC box, but this region lacks a TATA element. The human methionine synthase gene was localized to chromosome region 1q42.3-43 by in situ hybridization.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

NameUniProt ID
Methionine synthaseQ99707Details