Osmotic Activity

Osmotic Activity
Accession Number

Not Available

DrugDrug Description
MannitolA sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, to measure glomerular filtration rate, and to manage pulmonary symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis.
Polyethylene glycolA laxative used to treat constipation and used for bowel preparation before colonoscopies and other procedures.
LactuloseA disaccharide derivative of lactose used to treat constipation and portal systemic encephalopathy.
Hydroxyethyl StarchA plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia.
DextranA low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures.
PentastarchA plasma volume expander used as an adjunct in the management of shock due to hemorrhage, surgery, sepsis, burns or other trauma.
Albumin humanA purified form of human serum albumin used to replace lost albumin in patients with hypoalbuminemia, to treat hypovolemia and ascites, and as a part of some diagnostic imaging kits.
Magnesium cationMagnesium hydroxide is used primarily in "Milk of Magnesia", a white aqueous, mildly alkaline suspension of magnesium hydroxide formulated at about 8%w/v. Milk of magnesia is primarily used to alleviate...
Sulfate ionNot Annotated
Sodium cationNot Annotated
Potassium cationPotassium is used to regulate hypokalemia as a primary condition or secondary to other medical conditions.
LactitolAn orally administered osmotic laxative used to treat chronic idiopathic constipation.
Drugs & Drug Targets
MannitolMannitol dehydrogenaseenzyme
Polyethylene glycolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
LactuloseEvolved beta-galactosidase subunit alphatarget
Albumin humanNitric oxidetarget
Magnesium cationSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
Potassium cationSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target