Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Autologous or Allogeneic Origins

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Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Autologous or Allogeneic Origins
Accession Number

Adipose mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are MSCs derived from adipose tissue, which is more accessible and less painful than stem cells extracted from most other sources. Autologous stem cells are those derived from a patient’s own cells while allogeneic stem cells are derived from that of a donor. Lipoaspiration, also known as liposuction, is a possible method for extraction. This is followed by purification and expansion of the cells in vitro.

These AMSCs are multipotent, with the capability of forming different tissues, some of which include bone, muscle, neural, and chondrocyte. This explains why AMSCs have been utilized in repairing craniofacial bone defects. They also have potential in treatment of scarred vocal folds.

Biologic Classification
Cell transplant therapies
Autologous cell transplant / Other cell transplant therapies
  • adMSC
  • AstroStem-V
  • CMTAd
  • HB-adMSCs
  • HCR040
  • PSC-04
External IDs
  • Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Autologous or Allogeneic Origins


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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
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Mechanism of action

AMSCs have been shown to secrete several growth factors and hyaluronic acid (HA) which balance collagen, with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) being a major part of those secreted. HGF secreted by AMSCs has been shown, in culture, to attenuate collagen production and fibroblast proliferation. AMSCs also have the ability to produce elastic fibers, something that typically does not appear in a scar environment.

In some studies, adipose mesenchymal stem cells have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective properties. Currently, the exact mechanism behind AMSCs is unknown. However, a possible mechanism consists of activation of the cells due to inflammation, with the activated cells then modulating inflammation and cartilage remodeling by prostaglandin E2. The effects for AMSCs seem to also possibly be dose-dependent.

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Route of elimination
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Adverse Effects
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Affected organisms
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Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
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Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
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Food Interactions
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Drug Categories
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Chemical Identifiers

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General References
  1. Mazini L, Rochette L, Amine M, Malka G: Regenerative Capacity of Adipose Derived Stem Cells (ADSCs), Comparison with Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs). Int J Mol Sci. 2019 May 22;20(10). pii: ijms20102523. doi: 10.3390/ijms20102523. [PubMed:31121953]
  2. Zakrzewski W, Dobrzynski M, Szymonowicz M, Rybak Z: Stem cells: past, present, and future. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2019 Feb 26;10(1):68. doi: 10.1186/s13287-019-1165-5. [PubMed:30808416]
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Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
2Active Not RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
2Enrolling by InvitationPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) / Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 21
1RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
1WithdrawnTreatmentCardiac Diseases / Erectile Dysfunction1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAlzheimer's Disease (AD)1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis1
1, 2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
1, 2RecruitingTreatmentAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)1


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Dosage Forms
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Experimental Properties
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Drug created on August 11, 2020 13:09 / Updated on December 19, 2020 20:35

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