Methoxyestrogens exert feedback inhibition on cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1B1.

Article Details


Dawling S, Roodi N, Parl FF

Methoxyestrogens exert feedback inhibition on cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1B1.

Cancer Res. 2003 Jun 15;63(12):3127-32.

PubMed ID
12810639 [ View in PubMed

Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and 1B1 (CYP1B1) catalyze the oxidative metabolism of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) to catechol estrogens (2-OHE2 and 4-OHE2) and estrogen quinones, which may lead to DNA damage. Catechol-O-methyltransferase catalyzes the methylation of catechol estrogens to methoxyestrogens (2-MeOE2, 2-OH-3-MeOE2, and 4-MeOE2), which simultaneously lowers the potential for DNA damage and increases the concentration of 2-MeOE2, an antiproliferative metabolite. In this study, we showed that CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 recognized as substrates both the parent hormone E2 and the methoxyestrogens. Using purified recombinant enzymes, we demonstrated that CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 O-demethylated the methoxyestrogens to catechol estrogens according to Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Both CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 demethylated 2-MeOE2 and 2-OH-3-MeOE2 to 2-OHE2, whereas CYP1B1 additionally demethylated 4-MeOE2 to 4-OHE2. Because the P450-mediated oxidation of E2 and the O-demethylation of methoxyestrogens both yielded identical catechol estrogens as products, we used deuterated E2 (E2-d4), unlabeled methoxyestrogens, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to examine both reactions simultaneously. Kinetic analysis revealed that methoxyestrogens acted as noncompetitive inhibitors of E2 oxidation with K(i) ranging from 27 to 153 micro M. For both enzymes, the order of inhibition by methoxyestrogens was 2-OH-3-MeOE2 > or = 2-MeOE2 > 4-MeOE2. Thus, methoxyestrogens exert feedback inhibition on CYP1A1- and CYP1B1-mediated oxidative estrogen metabolism, thereby reducing the potential for estrogen-induced DNA damage.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Targets
DrugTargetKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
2-MethoxyestradiolCytochrome P450 1A1ProteinHumans
Not AvailableDetails
2-MethoxyestradiolCytochrome P450 1B1ProteinHumans
Not AvailableDetails