Substance P-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

Article Details


Gallicchio M, Rosa AC, Benetti E, Collino M, Dianzani C, Fantozzi R

Substance P-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Mar;147(6):681-9.

PubMed ID
16432508 [ View in PubMed

Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide involved in neurogenic inflammation and an agonist for NK(1), NK(2), and NK(3) receptors. SP induces prostaglandin (PG) production in various cell types, and these eicosanoids are responsible for numerous inflammatory and vascular effects. Cyclooxygenase (COX) are needed to convert arachidonic acid to PGs. The study evaluated the effect of SP on COX expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). COX-2 protein expression was upregulated by SP with a peak at 100 nM and at 20 h; in the same experimental conditions COX-1 protein expression was unchanged. A correlation between COX-2 expression and PGI(2) and PGE(2) release was detected. Dexamethasone (DEX) inhibited SP-mediated COX-2 expression. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) p38 and p42/44 were activated by SP, whereas SB202190 and PD98059, inhibitors of these kinases, blocked COX-2 expression. 5,5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-methylsulphonyl)phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (DFU), an experimental selective COX-2 inhibitor, blocked SP-induced PG release. By RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, we demonstrated that NK(1) and NK(2) but not NK(3) receptors are present on HUVEC. Selective NK(1) and NK(2) agonists, namely [Sar(9), Met(O(2))(11)]SP and [beta-Ala(8)] NKA(4-10), upregulated COX-2 protein expression and PG production, whereas senktide (Suc-Asp-Phe-MePhe-Gly-Leu-Met-NH(2)), a selective NK(3) agonist, was ineffective in this respect. The NK(1) selective antagonist L703,606 ((cis)-2-(diphenylmethyl)-N-((2-iodophenyl)-methyl)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)octan-3-am ine) and the NK(2) selective antagonist SR 48,968 ((S)-N-methyl-N-(4-(4-acetylamino-4-phenylpiperidino)-2-(3,4 dichlorophenyl)butyl) benzamide) competitively antagonised SP-induced effects. The study shows HUVEC to possess functional NK(1) and NK(2) receptors, which mediate the ability of SP to induce expression of COX-2 in HUVEC, thus showing a previously-undetected effect of SP on endothelial cells.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Drug Enzymes
DrugEnzymeKindOrganismPharmacological ActionActions
Sar9, Met (O2)11-Substance PProstaglandin G/H synthase 2ProteinHumans